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Terms of use

Use of this website, icom.museum and all pages in this domain (together, "ICOM website"), constitutes acceptance of the following terms and conditions.
The International Council of Museums (together, “ICOM”) reserves the right to seek all remedies available by law for any violation of these terms of use, including any violation of ICOM's rights in the ICOM name and emblem and its rights in connection with the information, artwork, text, video, audio, or pictures (together, the "Content") of ICOM website.

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1. ICOM website

a)    Use of ICOM website is provided by ICOM for personal use and educational purposes only. Any other use, including reproduction or translation of the Content of ICOM website, or any use other than for personal or educational purposes, requires the express prior written permission of ICOM. Requests for permission should be sent to ICOM using the feedback form, specifying full details of the proposed use. All Content of ICOM website is protected by French law including, as applicable, copyright laws.The Content of ICOM website is selected on the basis of ICOM's own criteria and in its own discretion. ICOM reserves the right at any time to change or discontinue any aspect or feature of the ICOM website. ICOM accepts no responsibility or liability for the accuracy or reliability of any element of the Content of ICOM website.ICOM disclaims any liability or responsibility arising from the use of ICOM website or the Content of ICOM website. ICOM, members of its staff, and its contractors, shall not be liable for any financial or other consequences whatsoever arising from the use of the Content of ICOM website, including the inappropriate, improper, or fraudulent use of such Content.ICOM disclaims responsibility for any infection by virus or any other contamination or by anything which has destructive properties.

b)    Interactive parts of ICOM website
ICOM website may contain bulletin boards, chat rooms, access to mailing lists or other message or communication facilities. Advices, opinions and statements of various information providers that can be found on ICOM website do not necessarily represent ICOM views.
The user agrees, when taking advantage of such facilities, not to do any of the following:
(a) Defame, abuse, harass, stalk, threaten or otherwise violate the rights of others;
(b) Publish, post, distribute or disseminate any defamatory, infringing, obscene, indecent or unlawful material or information;
(c) Upload or attach files that contain software or other material protected by intellectual property laws (or by rights of privacy) unless the user owns or controls the rights thereto or has received all necessary consents;
(d) Upload or attach files that contain viruses, corrupted files, or any other similar software or programmes that may damage the operation of another's computer;
(e) Delete any author attributions, legal notices or proprietary designations or labels in any file that is uploaded;
(f) Falsify the origin or source of software or other material contained in a file that is uploaded;
(g) Advertise or offer to sell any goods or services, or conduct or forward surveys, contests, or chain letters; or
(h) Download any file posted by another user that the user knows, or reasonably should know, cannot be legally distributed in such manner.
ICOM reserves the absolute right to delete any material posted to the ICOM website without notice to the user.
ICOM accepts no responsibility or liability in respect of the conduct of any user in connection with such facilities, or for any material submitted by users and carried on ICOM website including, for example, responsibility or liability for the accuracy or reliability of any information, data, opinions, advice or statements made in such material.

c)    Cookies
A cookie is a string of information that a website stores on a visitor's computer, and that the visitor's browser provides to the website each time the visitor returns. ICOM website uses cookies to identify visitors, their usage of ICOM website, and their website access preferences. The user who does not wish to have cookies placed on their computers should set their browsers to refuse cookies before using ICOM website, with the drawback that certain features of ICOM website may not function properly without the aid of cookies.

2. Other websites

a) Links on ICOM websiteICOM website may be linked to other websites that are not under ICOM's control. ICOM does not assume any responsibility or liability in respect of such websites, including, for example, responsibility or liability for the accuracy or reliability of any information, data, opinions, advice or statements made on those websites.b) Linking to ICOMICOM thanks the user for his interest in sharing ICOM’s message with visitors to his website. By adding a link to ICOM website, the user expresses his support for ICOM missions. If the user would like to link to ICOM's website, he has to contact ICOM for its administrative follow-up. The user may link to the homepage or to a deep content page. ICOM reserves the right to disallow links at any time. If this is the case, the site maintainers agree to delete the link immediately. ICOM is a non-profit organisation. Therefore, ICOM does not allow a link to ICOM website within commercial web pages. ICOM does not share, exchange or publish links of websites that do not belong to its official partners.

3. Maps and Use of Names

The use of particular designations of countries or territories as well as maps on the website does not imply any judgment by ICOM as to the legal status of such countries or territories, of their authorities and institutions or of the delimitation of their boundaries. ICOM refers to the designation the United Nations recognises for its States members.
The mention of names of specific companies or products (whether or not indicated as registered) does not imply any intention to infringe proprietary rights, nor should it be construed as an endorsement or recommendation on the part of ICOM.

4. ICOM Privacy Policy (‘light’ version)

ICOM is an organisation that places great importance on protecting personal data and privacy.
This policy explains how ICOM processes and protects the personal data of visitors to and users of the http://icom.museum website.

To ensure compliance with the provisions of Law no. 78-17 of 6 January 1978, ICOM has designated a Data Protection Officer (DPO).
ICOM ensures that your personal data are handled in accordance with the following principles:

Specific purpose of processing: personal data are collected solely to aid and improve the operation and use of the website, and to enable the organisation to operate in accordance with the purpose defined in its statutes. 

Further purpose of processing: ICOM does not use your data for any purposes other than those defined in its statutes or for the operation of the website. ICOM does not market in any way or disclose to third parties the information relating to site members and users.

Limitation and relevance: ICOM only collects information that is adequate, relevant and strictly necessary to the proper functioning of the organisation and the website.

Sensitive data: ICOM never collects without your knowledge and express consent data that directly or indirectly reveals individuals’ racial or ethnic origins, political, philosophical or religious views, union membership, state of health or sexual life.

Period of retention: ICOM does not retain your information beyond the period necessary for the purposes for which it was collected.

Transparency and provision of information: you have the right to access any of your data that are processed by ICOM. You have the right to rectify or delete erroneous information and to contest its being saved in a file.
Contact: Mrs Brigitte Coutant.
Email: brigitte.coutant@icom.museum

Transfers outside the European Union (EU): in the course of its operations, and as an internationally focused organisation, ICOM may need to transfer your personal data to organisations and service providers located in countries outside the EU.

Data security: ICOM takes all the necessary precautions to preserve the security of data, including preventing their distortion, damage, or access by unauthorised third parties.

Confidentiality of data: ICOM never discloses your data beyond its partners or third parties authorised by law.

For further details please refer to our confidentiality & cookies policy

5. Copyright © ICOM

a) The name ICOM – International Council of MuseumsThe ICOM name and emblem are the exclusive property of ICOM. ICOM benefits from the rights given by the registration of its trademark ICOM - Conseil international des musées – International Council of Museums – Consejo internacional de los museos to the Office of harmonization for the internal market (OHIM). ICOM name and emblem can not be copied or reproduced in any way without the prior written permission of ICOM. Requests for permission should be sent to ICOM using the feedback form.b) Photos and Publications creditsICOM offers its information on the Internet essentially for the benefit of individuals interested in its efforts to ensuring the conservation, and protection of cultural goods.If the user wishes to mirror, reproduce, republish or translate any of the information for wider dissemination, he has to ask a written permission of ICOM using the feedback form with details of such proposed use, including the nature and size of the intended audience. The use of ICOM Internet material for any purpose is prohibited unless prior written permission is obtained. ICOM reserves all copyrights on its publications, including graphic designs and content as well as on its Web pages, including its Content and graphic designs.

6. Photographs’ credits

Please find below the credits of the photographs published on ICOM website. ICOM thanks all the people and organisms for their contribution to the website. Where not otherwise acknowledged, the photographs of the website are the copyright of ICOM. All rights reserved. Reproduction of any photograph of this website is prohibited without express written consent of the rights owner.


© Museum of Anthropology, Canada. Photo David Campion
© ICOM. Photo: O. Héraut
© California Science Center
© ICOM. Photo: Nadine Amorim
© Rama, Cc-by-sa-2.0-fr
© lucbouvrette.com
© Truth’s Mirror, Installation view 2002. Dunedin Public Art Gallery, New Zealand
© ICOM. Photo: M.F. Delval
© Auckland Museum
© ICOM. Photo: Nadine Amorim


© Veste Corburg art collections
© Lannon Harley, National Museum of Australia
© ICOM. Photo: Nadine Amorim
© National Heritage Board (Singapore) and its institutions
© The Field Museum. Photo: John Weinstein
© Instituto Colombiano de Antropología e Historia (ICANH)
© samp www.samp.org  / Carina Lank www.lank.nu
© Michael Hall, Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa
© Auckland Museum
© ICOM. Photo: O. Héraut
© www.kilmartin.org
© ICOM. Photo: Nadine Amorim
© Amélie Breton, Perspectives
© ICOM. Photo: Nadine Amorim
© CSI Sophie Chivet
© Museum of Anthropology, Canada.
© Andrew Burke
© Ryfylkemuseet


© ICOM. Photo: Yu Zhang
© National Museum of Natural History, Leiden, the Netherlands.  Photo: Santy Saptari
© National Heritage Board (Singapore) and its institutions
© Archivo de Maloka: centro de apropiación social de ciencia y tecnología
© ICOM Switzerland. Photo: Heike Grasser
© CSI Enrico Bartolucci
© National Museum of Singapore
© National Museum of Korea
© Musée romain de Nyon. Photo: R. Gindroz

© Andrew Loxley
© Veste Corburg art collections
© Andrew Loxley Photography
© Estudio Preto e Branco
© CA2M. Exposición
©Russia Caligraphy Museum



© National Heritage Board (Singapore) and its institutions


© Comune di Milano
© IMS, Brazil
© Cidade das artes Bob Wilsom, Brazil
© George Milek. Imperial Palace of Petrópolis, nowadays Imperial Museum, Brazil
© Marcelo Terraza-Museu de Arte Contemporânea de Niterói RJ  MAC-Arquiteto Oscar Niemeyer, Brazil
© Museum de Favela, Brazil, Suay Aksoy
© Museu Meio Ambiente, Brazil

© National Heritage Board (Singapore) and its institutions
© Toledo Museum of Art, Ohio, United States
© Veste Corburg art collections
© Hecht Museum, Israël
© Natural History Museum of Vienna, Photo: Santy Saptari
© Nickle Arts Museum, Canada
© Canadian Museum of Civilization. Photo Harry Foster
© Ningbo Museum
© Auckland Museum
© RMIT Gallery, Melbourne, Australia
© Christchurch Art Gallery Te Puna o Waiwhetu, New Zealand
© Aswan Nubia museum. Photo: Raymbetz
© Russia State Museum of Kizhi
© California Science Center