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Red List of Afghanistan Antiquities at Risk

The great archaeological heritage of Afghanistan is of universal importance. It is now at serious risk from organized destruction and plundering at the hands of criminals. The National Museum of Afghanistan in Kabul has been looted and is missing a great part of its collection, much of which has found its way into the art market. Ancient sites and monuments, ranging from the Old Stone Age to the 20th century are being attacked and systematically looted.

Objects of all types and materials, from prehistoric times to the Indo-Greek, Buddhist and Islamic periods are being lost. Sculpture, architectural elements, ancient manuscripts, bronzes, wooden objects and ceramics are being illegally exported at an unrelenting rate. It is the duty of the international community to unite in protecting this unique cultural heritage.

 

Download the Red List of Afghanistan Antiquities at Risk in English 

Download the Red List of Afghanistan Antiquities at Risk in French 

Download the Red List of Afghanistan Antiquities at Risk in Pashto 

Download the Red List of Afghanistan Antiquities at Risk in Dari 

Download the Red List of Afghanistan Antiquities at Risk in Urdu 

List of object categories

Small statuette, Bactria, max. h 14 cm, chlorite and calcite, 3rd millennium BC.

Bactrian statuettes

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Material
Stone and plaster | Semi-precious stones
Type
Sculptures
Countries
Afghanistan
Period
Pre-Islamic
Polished stone sceptres, ca. 3rd/2nd millennia BC.

Batons (scepters)

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Material
Stone
Type
Religious and ceremonial objects
Countries
Afghanistan
Period
Pre-Islamic
Painted clay torso of a woman, 4th/5th centuries.

Buddhist sculpture- Painted clay

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Material
Clay
Type
Sculptures | Religious and ceremonial objects
Countries
Afghanistan
Period
Pre-Islamic
Stone head.

Buddhist sculpture- Stone heads and reliefs

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Material
Stone
Type
Sculptures | Religious and ceremonial objects
Countries
Afghanistan
Period
Pre-Islamic
Stucco head of a woman, from Hadda, 3rd/4th centuries, h 10,7 cm, w. 6 cm.

Buddhist sculpture- Stucco

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Material
Stucco
Type
Sculptures
Countries
Afghanistan
Period
Pre-Islamic
Silver bent-bars with floral punches (V-VI c. BC).

Coins

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Material
Metals
Type
Coins | Numismatics
Countries
Afghanistan
Period
Pre-Islamic
Copper alloy cosmetic bottles, probably 3rd/2nd millennia BC.

Cosmetic jars

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Material
Metals
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Afghanistan
Period
Pre-Islamic
Fringed axe head, 3rd/2nd millennia BC.

Early metal artefacts

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Material
Metals
Type
Tools and weapons
Countries
Afghanistan
Period
Pre-Islamic
Ivory decorative element from Begram.

Ivories

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Material
Ivory
Type
Accessories and jewellery
Countries
Afghanistan
Period
Pre-Islamic
Buddhist sacred text on paper, 6th-8th centuries.

Manuscripts- Pre-Islamic

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Material
Paper and parchment | Wood
Type
Documents
Countries
Afghanistan
Period
Pre-Islamic
Pottery goblets with pipal design, from Mundigak, 3rd millenium BC, h 9 to 19 cm.

Pottery- Pre-Islamic

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Material
Ceramics
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Afghanistan
Period
Pre-Islamic
Gold stupa-shaped reliquary, 1st century, ht. ca. 4 cm.

Reliquaries

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Material
Metals | Stone
Type
Religious and ceremonial objects
Countries
Afghanistan
Period
Pre-Islamic
Copper compartmented seals, Bactria, 3rd/2nd millennia BC.

Seals

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Material
Metals | Bones | Shell | Stone
Type
Seals
Countries
Afghanistan
Period
Pre-Islamic
Buddha, fragment from Kakrak.

Wall paintings

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Material
Stone and plaster
Type
Architectural elements | Paintings
Countries
Afghanistan
Period
Pre-Islamic
Granite and limestone, from 20 cm to 30 cm, ca. 3rd/2nd millennia BC.

Weights

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Material
Stone
Type
Tools and weapons
Countries
Afghanistan
Period
Pre-Islamic
Islamic decorative carved marble panels, ca. 12th century.

Architectural elements

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Material
Stone
Type
Architectural elements
Countries
Afghanistan
Period
Islamic
Page of a manuscript, ca. 18th century.

Manuscripts- Islamic

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Material
Paper and parchment
Type
Documents
Countries
Afghanistan
Period
Islamic
Copper alloy ewer, ca. 13th century.

Metalwork

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Material
Metals
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Afghanistan
Period
Islamic
Pottery bowls from Afghanistan, c. 13th century.

Pottery- Islamic

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Material
Ceramics
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Afghanistan
Period
Islamic
Glazed ceramic tile, c. 17th century. AD.

Tiles

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Material
Ceramics
Type
Architectural elements
Countries
Afghanistan
Period
Islamic