The great archaeological heritage of Afghanistan is of universal importance. It is now at serious risk from organized destruction and plundering at the hands of criminals. The National Museum of Afghanistan in Kabul has been looted and is missing a great part of its collection, much of which has found its way into the art market. Ancient sites and monuments, ranging from the Old Stone Age to the 20th century are being attacked and systematically looted.
Objects of all types and materials, from prehistoric times to the Indo-Greek, Buddhist and Islamic periods are being lost. Sculpture, architectural elements, ancient manuscripts, bronzes, wooden objects and ceramics are being illegally exported at an unrelenting rate. It is the duty of the international community to unite in protecting this unique cultural heritage.