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Red List of Cambodian Antiquities at Risk

This Red List has been developed to assist museums, collectors, dealers in art and antiquities, and customs and other law enforcement officials in recognizing objects that may have been looted and illicitly exported from Cambodia. To facilitate this, the List illustrates and describes several categories of objects at risk of being illicitly traded on the antiquities market. These objects are protected under Cambodian law banning their sale and export. Therefore, ICOM appeals to interested parties to refrain from purchasing these objects without first checking thoroughly their origin and provenance documentation.

Because of the diversity of Cambodian objects, the Red List of Cambodian Antiquities at Risk is not exhaustive, and any antiquity that may have originated in Cambodia should be subjected to detailed scrutiny and precautionary measures.

There is a vibrant craft industry in Cambodia today. Artisans produce textiles, lacquer-ware and carvings in stone and wood that emulate those made in the ancient past. The trade in these objects is crucial to the continued development of Cambodia's ongoing craft traditions, and is not meant to be hindered by the publication of this List.

 

Download the Red List of Cambodian Antiquities at Risk in English 

Download the Red List of Cambodian Antiquities at Risk in French 

Download the Red List of Cambodian Antiquities at Risk in German 

Download the Red List of Cambodian Antiquities at Risk in Khmer 

Download the Red List of Cambodian Antiquities at Risk in Thai 

List of object categories

Epaulette, earthenware with iron, ca. 10 x 10 cm.

Adornments- Ceramic, Prehistoric

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Material
Ceramics
Type
Accessories and jewellery
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Prehistoric
Bangles, bronze, 9 to 10 cm in diameter.

Adornments- Metal, Prehistoric

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Material
Metals
Type
Accessories, jewellery and seals
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Prehistoric
Beads, glass, 0.2 to 0.5 cm.

Beads- Glass

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Material
Glass
Type
Accessories and jewellery
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Prehistoric
Beads, carnelian and agate ca. 4 cm.

Beads- Stone

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Material
Semi-precious stones | Stone
Type
Accessories and jewellery
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Prehistoric
Bell, bronze, 57 x 27,5 x 32 cm.

Ceremonial objects- Prehistoric

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Material
Metals
Type
Religious and ceremonial objects | Musical instruments
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Prehistoric
Adzes, stone ca. 15 x 18 cm.

Tools

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Material
Semi-precious stones | Stone
Type
Tools and weapons
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Prehistoric
Pot, earthenware, 45 x 30 cm.

Vessels and containers- Prehistoric

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Material
Ceramics | Glass
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Prehistoric
Lintel and columns, sandstone, 171 x 16 cm (diameter: 15 cm).

Architectural elements and fragments

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Material
Stone
Type
Architectural elements
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Pre-Angkor
Stele with Nandin the bull on a lotus, sandstone, 97 x 42 x 8 cm.

Inscriptions- Pre-Angkor

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Material
Stone and plaster
Type
Architectural elements | Sculptures
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Pre-Angkor
Lokesvara, bronze, 24 x 7 x 7 cm.

Sculptures- Metal, Pre-Angkor

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Material
Metals
Type
Sculptures
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Pre-Angkor
Linga, sandstone, 83 x 25 x 24 cm.

Sculptures- Stone, Pre-Angkor

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Material
Stone
Type
Sculptures
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Pre-Angkor
Ring, bronze, 4,7 x 1,7 cm.

Adornments- Metal, Angkor

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Material
Metals
Type
Accessories, jewellery and seals
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Angkor
Lintel, sandstone, 60 x 173 cm.

Architectural elements and fragments

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Material
Stone and plaster
Type
Architectural elements
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Angkor
Palanquin hooks, rings and tubular pole decoration, bronze.

Ceremonial and ritual objects- Angkor

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Material
Metals
Type
Religious and ceremonial objects
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Angkor
Grinding stone with tubular grinder, sandstone.

Grinding stones

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Material
Stone
Type
Tools and weapons | Utensils and vessels
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Angkor
Stele with Yama on a buffalo, sandstone, 60 x 34 x 14 cm.

Inscriptions- Angkor

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Material
Stone
Type
Architectural elements
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Angkor
Kneeling female figure, support for mirror, bronze, 34 x 24 cm.

Sculptures- Metal, Angkor

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Material
Metals
Type
Sculptures
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Angkor
Female divinity, sandstone, 125 x 26 x 26 cm.

Sculptures- Stone, Angkor

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Material
Stone
Type
Sculptures
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Angkor
Roof tiles, ceramic, 20 to 50 cm.

Tiles

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Material
Ceramics
Type
Architectural elements
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Angkor
Betel container, metal, 41 x 9,7 cm.

Utensils- Angkor

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Material
Metals
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Angkor
Ceramic containers.

Vessels and containers- Angkor

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Material
Ceramics
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Angkor
Wooden carved panel.

Architectural elements

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Material
Wood
Type
Architectural elements
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Post-Angkor
Jar, fired clay with brown glaze, 61 x 43 cm.

Ceramics

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Material
Ceramics
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Post-Angkor
Manuscript, palm leaf, 55,5 x 5,5 x 8,5 cm.

Manuscripts

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Material
Paper and parchment
Type
Documents
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Post-Angkor
Popil (ritual candlestick), bronze, 25 x 10,5 x 0,7 cm.

Religious objects

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Material
Metals
Type
Religious and ceremonial objects
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Post-Angkor
Kneeling worshipper, wood with red lacquer and gilding, 92 x 42 x 54 cm.

Sculptures- Organic materials

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Material
Wood and lacquer | Glass | Metals
Type
Sculptures | Religious and ceremonial objects
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Post-Angkor
Sima, sandstone, 59 x 32 x 9,5 cm.

Sima

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Material
Stone
Type
Architectural elements
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Post-Angkor
Ladle, bronze, 30 cm.

Utensils- Post-Angkor

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Material
Metals
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Post-Angkor
Dagger, bronze, 25 x 8,5 x 2 cm.

Weapons

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Material
Metals
Type
Tools and weapons
Countries
Cambodia
Period
Post-Angkor