Find a category of objects

­
Close
Enter material, type of object, country or region of origin, or time period

Use Boolean search to refine results:
AND (ex: + Africa +figurine)
OR (ex: Africa figurine)
NOT (ex: +Africa –figurine)
ALL (ex: figur* yields figurine, figural,...)
­
Close
Select material
­
Close
Select type of object
­
Close
Select country or region of origin
­
Close
Select time period
Home/What we do/Resources/Red Lists Database /Central America and Mexico
 
Back

Red List of Endangered Cultural Objects of Central America and Mexico

This Red List has been designed as a tool to help museums, art traders, collectors and customs and police officers in the identification of objects that may have been illegally exported from Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. The list describes several categories of endangered objects that may be subject to illicit trade.
Because of the wide range of objects, shapes, styles and periods, the Red List of Endangered Cultural Objects of Central America and Mexico is not exhaustive, and the origin of any antiquity from the region should be subject to detailed scrutiny and precautionary measures.
These objects are protected by legislation in each country, which specifically prohibits their traffic, export and sale. Therefore, museums, auction houses, art traders and collectors are urged not to purchase them, and are invited to report their presence to the relevant country's diplomatic mission, to local police authorities and to Interpol.
Note: The images in this publication are of objects held by national museums; they are published here as a comparison guide to help identify objects that may be subject to illegal trafficking.

 

Download the Red List of Endangered Cultural Objects of Central America and Mexico in English 

Download the Red List of Endangered Cultural Objects of Central America and Mexico in French 

Download the Red List of Endangered Cultural Objects of Central America and Mexico in Spanish 

Download the Red List of Endangered Cultural Objects of Central America and Mexico in German 

 

List of object categories

Bone musical instruments: flute, Iximché, Guatemala, 900-1500 AD, 21 x 4 cm; rasp, Altar de Sacrificios, Guatemala, 600-900 AD, 14.3 x 4.5 cm.

Ceremonial objects - Bones and teeth

Read
Material
Bones | Human remains
Type
Musical instruments | Religious and ceremonial objects
Countries
Guatemala
Period
Prehispanic
Maya green stone votive mask, Campeche, Mexico, 200-850 AD, 10 x 10 x 5 cm.

Ceremonial objects - Stone

Read
Material
Stone
Type
Religious and ceremonial objects
Countries
Guatemala | Mexico | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Honduras
Period
Prehispanic
Four-legged plate, Tierras Altas, Guatemala, 400 BC-250 AD, 6.8 x 22.5 cm.

Containers

Read
Material
Stone
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Guatemala | Honduras
Period
Prehispanic
Anthropomorphic figurines, Quiché, Guatemala, 600-900 AD, 21 x 11 cm.

Figurines

Read
Material
Stone | Ceramics
Type
Sculptures | Musical instruments
Countries
Honduras | Mexico | Guatemala | El Salvador
Period
Prehispanic
Anthropomorphic ocarina, Valle de Sula, Honduras, 700-900 AD, 10.2 x 9 cm.

Musical instruments

Read
Material
Ceramics | Wood
Type
Musical instruments
Countries
Honduras | Guatemala | El Salvador
Period
Prehispanic
Punch and knives, Petén, Guatemala, 550-900 AD, punch: 17 x 4.4 cm; knives: 16.3 x 1.5 cm.

Objects - Obsidian

Read
Material
Semi-precious stones | Stone
Type
Tools and weapons | Utensils and vessels
Countries
Guatemala
Period
Prehispanic
Anthropomorphic mask, Petén, Guatemala, 250-900 AD, 12.3 cm.

Ornaments - Jade and other green stones

Read
Material
Semi-precious stones | Stone
Type
Accessories, jewellery and seals | Sculptures
Countries
Guatemala | Mexico | El Salvador | Costa Rica | Honduras
Period
Prehispanic
Copper bell, El Salvador, 900-1524 AD, 3.7 x 2.4 x 1.8 cm.

Ornaments - Metal

Read
Material
Metals
Type
Accessories, jewellery and seals
Countries
El Salvador | Mexico | Guatemala | Costa Rica
Period
Prehispanic
Batch of pierced shells, Aguateca, Guatemala, 600-900 AD, average 6.5 x 2.5 cm.

Ornaments - Shells

Read
Material
Shell
Type
Accessories, jewellery and seals
Countries
Guatemala
Period
Prehispanic
Maya polychrome tripod plate, Guatemala, 550-900 AD, 7.7 x 34 cm.

Polychrome vessels

Read
Material
Ceramics
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Guatemala | El Salvador | Honduras | Nicaragua | Mexico | Costa Rica
Period
Prehispanic
Merlon, Teotihuacan, State of Mexico, 200-650 AD, 27.5 x 17 x 5.8 cm.

Sculpture

Read
Material
Ceramics | Semi-precious stones | Stone and plaster
Type
Architectural elements | Furniture | Religious and ceremonial objects | Sculptures
Countries
Mexico | Costa Rica | Guatemala | Nicaragua
Period
Prehispanic
Flat stamps, Valle de Sula, Honduras, 700-900 AD, 7 x 3.5 cm.

Stamps

Read
Material
Ceramics
Type
Seals
Countries
Honduras
Period
Prehispanic
Pataki polychrome vessel, Gran Nicoya, Costa Rica, 1000-1400 AD, 34.5 x 25.5 cm.

Vessels with effigies

Read
Material
Ceramics
Type
Sculptures | Utensils and vessels
Countries
Costa Rica | Nicaragua | Honduras | Mexico | Guatemala | El Salvador
Period
Prehispanic
Stemmed macroblade dagger, Belize, 250 BC-250 AD, 22 x 45 cm.

Weapons and tools

Read
Material
Stone and plaster
Type
Tools and weapons
Countries
Belize | Guatemala | El Salvador
Period
Prehispanic
Printed page with decorative border, Guatemala, undated, 41.4 x 30.4 cm.

Documents

Read
Material
Paper and parchment
Type
Documents
Countries
El Salvador | Guatemala
Period
Colonial and Republican
Polychrome wood sculpture of flagellated Christ, El Salvador, 18th century, 51 cm.

Figures

Read
Material
Ivory | Wood | Paste | Plaster
Type
Religious and ceremonial objects | Sculptures
Countries
El Salvador | Guatemala | Mexico | Honduras
Period
Colonial and Republican
Crucifixion, Guatemala, 18th century, 264 x 600 cm.

Painting

Read
Material
Metals | Wood | Canvas
Type
Paintings | Religious and ceremonial objects
Countries
Guatemala | El Salvador | Honduras
Period
Colonial and Republican
St Joseph and baby Jesus, Guatemala, 18th century, diameter 171 cm.

Reliefs, altarpieces and architectural elements

Read
Material
Wood | Ivory | Paste | Plaster
Type
Architectural elements | Paintings | Religious and ceremonial objects
Countries
Guatemala
Period
Colonial and Republican
Chalices, Honduras, Colonial period, 20 x 14 cm.

Silverware

Read
Material
Metals
Type
Religious and ceremonial objects | Utensils and vessels
Countries
Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico
Period
Colonial and Republican