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Red List of Chinese Cultural Objects at Risk

This Red List has been designed as a tool to assist museums, dealers in art and antiquities, collectors, and customs and law enforcement officials in the Identification of objects that may have been looted and illicitly exported from China. To facilitate identification, the Red List illustrates a number of categories of objects that are at risk of being illicitly traded on the international antiquities market.

Objects of the types illustrated hereafter are protected by Chinese legislation that specifically prohibits their unauthorised export and sale. Therefore, ICOM appeals to museums, auction houses, dealers in art and antiquities, and collectors not to purchase such objects without first having checked thoroughly their origin and provenance documentation.

Because of the great diversity of Chinese objects, styles and periods, the Red List of Chinese Cultural Objects at Risk is not exhaustive, and any antiquity originating from China should be subjected to detailed scrutiny and precautionary measures.

 

Download the Red List of Chinese Cultural Objects at Risk in English

Download the Red List of Chinese Cultural Objects at Risk in French

Download the Red List of Chinese Cultural Objects at Risk in German

List of object categories

Glazed decorative element, Ming Dynasty, 85 x 80 cm.

Architectural elements

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Material
Wood | Stone | Ceramics | Metals
Type
Architectural elements
Countries
China
Period
Prior to 1949 AD
Bamboo slips, Han Dynasty, 2.1 x 23 cm (one slip).

Books and documents

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Material
Wood | Textiles | Paper and parchment
Type
Documents | Calligraphy
Countries
China
Period
From the Zhou Dynasty (1046 BC) to 1949 AD
Pottery jar, Neolithic Age, 50 x 18.4 cm.

Ceramics

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Material
Ceramics | Porcelain
Type
Sculptures | Utensils and vessels
Countries
China
Period
From the Neolithic Age (ca. 8000 BC) to 1949 AD
Ivory belt hook (5.8 cm) and tablet (8.2 cm), Sui Dynasty.

Folk objects

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Material
Ivory | Paper and parchment | Metals | Ceramics | Wood and lacquer | Wood
Type
Graphic work | Utensils and vessels | Toys | Sculptures
Countries
China
Period
Prior to 1949 AD
Oracle bone, Shang Dynasty, 29.8 x 22.2 x 4.4 cm.

Inscriptions

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Material
Bones | Shell | Ceramics | Stone | Wood | Metals
Type
Calligraphy | Documents
Countries
China
Period
From the Shang Dynasty (1600 BC) to 1949 AD
White jade bi disc, Warring States period, Ø 22 cm.

Jade and semi-precious stones

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Material
Semi-precious stones | Jade
Type
Religious and ceremonial objects | Utensils and vessels
Countries
China
Period
From the Neolithic Age (ca. 8000 BC) to 1949 AD
Oval lacquer cup, Western Han Dynasty, 17.5 x 9.2 x 5.4 cm.

Lacquer

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Material
Wood and lacquer | Textiles
Type
Utensils and vessels | Furniture
Countries
China
Period
From the Neolithic Age (ca. 8000 BC) to 1949 AD
Bronze gui container, Western Zhou Dynasty, 24 x 26 cm.

Metals - Bronze

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Material
Metals
Type
Utensils and vessels | Musical instruments | Tools and weapons
Countries
China
Period
From the Xia Dynasty (ca. 2070 BC) to 1949 AD
Gold plaque, Warring States period, 8 x 13.8 cm.

Metals - Gold and Silver

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Material
Metals
Type
Utensils and vessels | Religious and ceremonial objects
Countries
China
Period
From the Xia Dynasty (ca. 2070 BC) to 1949 AD
Bronze spade-shaped currency, Spring and Autumn period, 5.8 x 2.8 cm.

Numismatics

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Material
Paper and parchment | Metals
Type
Numismatics
Countries
China
Period
Prior to 1949 AD
Painting hand scroll, Ming and Qing Dynasties, 120 x 200 cm.

Painting and calligraphy

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Material
Paper and parchment | Textiles | Stone and plaster
Type
Paintings | Calligraphy
Countries
China
Period
Prior to 1949 AD
Stone stele rubbing, Qing Dynasty, 59 x 52 cm.

Rubbings

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Material
Paper and parchment
Type
Calligraphy | Documents | Graphic work
Countries
China
Period
From the Tang Dynasty (618 AD) to 1949 AD
Head of a Buddha statue, Southern and Northern Dynasties, 86 x 56 cm.

Sculpture

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Material
Stone | Wood | Metals
Type
Sculptures | Religious and ceremonial objects
Countries
China
Period
From the Neolithic Age (ca. 8000 BC) to 1949 AD
Embroidered silk robe, Qing Dynasty, 130 x 95 cm.

Textile and accessories

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Material
Ivory | Metals | Textiles
Type
Accessories and jewellery | Textiles and clothing
Countries
China
Period
Prior to 1949 AD