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Red List of Chinese Cultural Objects at Risk

This Red List has been designed as a tool to assist museums, dealers in art and antiquities, collectors, and customs and law enforcement officials in the Identification of objects that may have been looted and illicitly exported from China. To facilitate identification, the Red List illustrates a number of categories of objects that are at risk of being illicitly traded on the international antiquities market.

Objects of the types illustrated hereafter are protected by Chinese legislation that specifically prohibits their unauthorised export and sale. Therefore, ICOM appeals to museums, auction houses, dealers in art and antiquities, and collectors not to purchase such objects without first having checked thoroughly their origin and provenance documentation.

Because of the great diversity of Chinese objects, styles and periods, the Red List of Chinese Cultural Objects at Risk is not exhaustive, and any antiquity originating from China should be subjected to detailed scrutiny and precautionary measures.

 

Download the Red List of Chinese Cultural Objects at Risk in English

Download the Red List of Chinese Cultural Objects at Risk in Chinese (Traditional)

Download the Red List of Chinese Cultural Objects at Risk in Chinese (Simplified)

Download the Red List of Chinese Cultural Objects at Risk in French

Download the Red List of Chinese Cultural Objects at Risk in German

Legislation

NATIONAL LEGISLATION

Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, Article 22 (4 December 1982)

Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China, Articles 151, 264, and 324 to 329 (1 July 1979)

Law of the People’s Republic of China on Protection of Cultural Relics (19 November 1982)

Regulations concerning the Implementation of the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Protection of Cultural Relics (13 May 2003)

Protection and Management Methods on Hominid and Ancient Vertebrate Fossils (3 July 2006)

Administrative Measures for the Entry-Exit Examination and Verification of Cultural Relics (3 July 2007)

Standards for the Entry-Exit Examination and Verification of Cultural Relics (3 April 2007)

Interim Provisions on the Limitation of the Export of Works of the Famous Late Painters after 1949, and Interim Provisions on the Limitation of the Export of Works of the Famous Late Painters from 1795 to 1949 (15 November 2001)

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict (The Hague, 14 May 1954)

UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (Paris, 14 November 1970)

UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects (Rome, 24 June 1995)