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Red List of Colombian Cultural Objects at Risk

This Red List is intended to help museums, art dealers, collectors, customs and police officials identify objects that may have been illicitly exported from Colombia. In order to facilitate identification, the Red List describes various categories of cultural items that are likely to be illegally bought and sold.

Colombian law prohibits the export and sale of these object types. Therefore museums, auction houses, art dealers and collectors are encouraged not to acquire them without having thoroughly checked their origin and relevant legal documentation.

Due to the great diversity of objects, styles and periods, the Red List of Colombian Cultural Objects at Risk is not exhaustive. Any antiquity that could have originated in Colombia should be subjected to detailed scrutiny and precautionary measures.

 

Download the Red List of Colombian Cultural Objects at Risk in English 

Download the Red List of Colombian Cultural Objects at Risk in Spanish

Download the Red List of Colombian Cultural Objects at Risk in French 

Download the Red List of Colombian Cultural Objects at Risk in German 

Download the Red List of Colombian Cultural Objects at Risk in Portuguese 

Context

Through several of its institutions, the government of Colombia has enhanced and strengthened the legal framework for the protection of the nation’s cultural heritage. Despite these efforts, however, cultural objects, especially those from pre-Hispanic and Colonial periods, remain subject to illicit trafficking at national and international levels.

Theft, looting, and illegal trade and export are constant threats to cultural heritage preservation. The fight against illicit trafficking in cultural property is therefore a policy priority of Colombia.

Archaeological heritage, including underwater heritage, is the most endangered category, especially in remote regions of Colombia. Clandestine excavation and smuggling are responses to demand created by the international antiquities market, which has expanded recently, fuelled by Internet sales and other factors.

Other vulnerable objects are those of a religious and documentary nature, which are frequently stolen from churches, museums, archives and libraries.

Illicit trafficking in cultural property causes irreparable damage to the identity of the Colombian people and is a serious loss to the memory of mankind.