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Emergency Red List of Egyptian Cultural Objects at Risk

The fight against illicit traffic in cultural goods requires the enhancement of both legal instruments and practical tools disseminating information and raising public awareness.

The Emergency Red List of Egyptian Cultural Objects at Risk aims to help art and heritage professionals and law enforcement officials identify Egyptian objects that are protected by national and international legislations. In order to facilitate identification, the Emergency Red List describes the categories or types of cultural items that are most likely to be illegally bought and sold.

Museums, auction houses, art dealers and collectors are encouraged not to acquire these objects without having carefully and thoroughly researched their origin and all the relevant legal documentation. Due to the great diversity of objects, styles and periods, the Emergency Red List of Egyptian Cultural Objects at Risk is far from exhaustive. Any cultural good that could have originated in Egypt should be subjected to detailed scrutiny and precautionary measures.

 

Download the Emergency Red List of Egyptian Cultural Objects at Risk in English

Download the Emergency Red List of Egyptian Cultural Objects at Risk in Arabic

Download the Emergency Red List of Egyptian Cultural Objects at Risk in French

Download the Emergency Red List of Egyptian Cultural Objects at Risk in German

List of object categories

Limestone wall relief, Saqqara, Old Kingdom, Dynasty 5-6 (2471 - 2195 BC), 47 x 86 cm.

Architectural elements (Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era)

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Material
Stone and plaster
Type
Architectural elements
Countries
Egypt
Period
Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era (5200 – 332 BC)
Bead net composed of faience plaques and beads, Saqqara, Late Period, Dynasty 26 (ca. 688 - 525 BC), 21 x 21 cm.

Daily life - Mixed materials (Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era)

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Material
Ceramics | Semi-precious stones | Metals
Type
Accessories and jewellery
Countries
Egypt
Period
Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era (5200 – 332 BC)
Inscribed wooden headrest of Khenu, Saqqara, First Intermediate Period (ca. 2100 - 2030 BC), 20 x 27 x 7 cm.

Daily life - Wood and stone (Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era)

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Material
Wood | Stone
Type
Furniture
Countries
Egypt
Period
Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era (5200 – 332 BC)
Ibis mummy, Saqqara, Late Period (525 - 332 BC), 40 x 13 cm.

Funerary elements - Animal mummies (Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era)

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Material
Bones | Textiles
Type
Religious and ceremonial objects
Countries
Egypt
Period
Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era (5200 – 332 BC)
Mummy of Duamuthotep, daughter of Iriheru, with gilded mask, Akhmim, Ptolemaic Period (304 - 30 BC), 155 cm.

Funerary elements - Human remains and associated objects (Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era)

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Material
Bones | Paper and parchment | Wood | Human remains | Textiles
Type
Human remains | Religious and ceremonial objects | Textiles and clothing
Countries
Egypt
Period
Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era (5200 – 332 BC)
Section of a Book of the Dead of a Songstress of Amun, Thebes, New Kingdom (ca. 1550 - 1069 BC), 70 x 30 cm.

Funerary elements - Papyrus (Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era)

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Material
Papyrus
Type
Documents
Countries
Egypt
Period
Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era (5200 – 332 BC)
Painted wooden model of a boat with twelve crew members, Beni Hassan, Middle Kingdom (2066 - 1781 BC), 64 cm.

Funerary elements - Wood (Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era)

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Material
Wood
Type
Religious and ceremonial objects
Countries
Egypt
Period
Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era (5200 – 332 BC)
Gilded faience shabti of Heqareshu, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18 (ca. 1550 - 1295 BC), 17.5 x 5.5 cm.

Statues - Ceramics (Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era)

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Material
Ceramics
Type
Sculptures
Countries
Egypt
Period
Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era (5200 – 332 BC)
Bronze striding statue of the goddess Neith, Late Period, Dynasty 26 (ca. 688 - 525 BC), 14 cm.

Statues - Metal (Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era)

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Material
Metals
Type
Sculptures
Countries
Egypt
Period
Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era (5200 – 332 BC)
Quartzite head of an Amarna princess, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18 (ca. 1353 - 1336 BC), 7 x 9 cm.

Statues - Stone (Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era)

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Material
Stone
Type
Sculptures
Countries
Egypt
Period
Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era (5200 – 332 BC)
Pottery bowl with incised geometric decoration, Lower Nubia (Aniba), ca. 2300 - 1500 BC, 9.4 x 19.5 cm.

Vessels and containers - Ceramics (Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era)

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Material
Ceramics
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Egypt
Period
Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era (5200 – 332 BC)
Painted limestone canopic jars, Third Intermediate Period (ca. 900 - 800 BC), Duamutef: 36 x 14.4 x 13.5 cm; Hapi: 34 x 12.3 x 13.5 cm; Qebehsenuef: 32 x 11.7 x 13 cm; Imsety: 34.5 x 12 x 13.2 cm.

Vessels and containers - Stone (Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era)

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Material
Stone
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Egypt
Period
Predynastic, Protodynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era (5200 – 332 BC)
Bronze coin, Alexandria, Ptolemy III Euergetes I (246 - 222 BC), Ø 3.5 cm.

Coins (Egyptian Graeco-Roman and Nubian Meroitic era)

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Material
Metals
Type
Numismatics
Countries
Egypt
Period
Egyptian Graeco-Roman and Nubian Meroitic era (332 BC – AD 395)
Painted plaster mask, Tuna El-Gabal, Severus Alexander (AD 222 - 235), 26 x 17 cm.

Religious or ceremonial portraits (Egyptian Graeco-Roman and Nubian Meroitic era)

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Material
Wood | Plaster | Precious stones
Type
Religious and ceremonial objects | Portrait
Countries
Egypt
Period
Egyptian Graeco-Roman and Nubian Meroitic era (332 BC – AD 395)
Alabaster (calcite) bust of Sarapis, Roman Period (2nd century AD), 21.2 x 15.8 x 5.8 cm.

Statues - Stone (Egyptian Graeco-Roman and Nubian Meroitic era)

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Material
Stone
Type
Sculptures
Countries
Egypt
Period
Egyptian Graeco-Roman and Nubian Meroitic era (332 BC – AD 395)
Statue of Harpocrates, Fayoum, Roman Period (ca. 1st - 2nd century AD), 15.5 cm.

Statues - Terracotta (Egyptian Graeco-Roman and Nubian Meroitic era)

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Material
Ceramics | Clay
Type
Sculptures
Countries
Egypt
Period
Egyptian Graeco-Roman and Nubian Meroitic era (332 BC – AD 395)
Pilgrim flask decorated with an African couple, Alexandria, Graeco-Roman Period (ca. 2nd - 1st century BC), 9.6 x Ø 7.6 cm.

Vessels and containers (Egyptian Graeco-Roman and Nubian Meroitic era)

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Material
Ceramics | Clay | Stone
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Egypt
Period
Egyptian Graeco-Roman and Nubian Meroitic era (332 BC – AD 395)
Ceramic ostracon with Coptic text (tax receipt), Thebes, first half of the 8th century AD, 7.7 x 5.6 x 0.9 cm.

Daily life - Ceramics and stone (Coptic era and Coptic art of later periods)

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Material
Ceramics | Stone | Clay
Type
Calligraphy
Countries
Egypt
Period
Coptic era (4th–7th century AD) and Coptic art of later periods
Woven wool and flax textile fragment, 3rd – 9th century AD, 96 x 102 cm.

Daily life - Textiles (Coptic era and Coptic art of later periods)

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Material
Textiles
Type
Textiles and clothing
Countries
Egypt
Period
Coptic era (4th–7th century AD) and Coptic art of later periods
Parchment double-leaf with text from the Old Testament (Book of Exodus), probably from Sohag, 7th century AD, 32.8 x 53.8 cm.

Manuscripts (Coptic era and Coptic art of later periods)

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Material
Paper and parchment | Papyrus | Parchment | Paper
Type
Documents
Countries
Egypt
Period
Coptic era (4th–7th century AD) and Coptic art of later periods
Limestone frieze in high relief with vegetal motif, Behnasa or Baouît, ca. AD 390, 35 x 90 cm.

Reliefs and icons - Stone (Coptic era and Coptic art of later periods)

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Material
Stone
Type
Architectural elements
Countries
Egypt
Period
Coptic era (4th–7th century AD) and Coptic art of later periods
Lion attacking an antelope wooden relief, Aphroditopolis (Kom Ishqaw), 6th - 7th century AD, 35.2 x 26.3 cm.

Reliefs and icons - Wooden panels (Coptic era and Coptic art of later periods)

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Material
Wood
Type
Paintings
Countries
Egypt
Period
Coptic era (4th–7th century AD) and Coptic art of later periods
Ceramic tile panel with painted underglaze decoration and transparent glaze overall, Ottoman era (AH 1087 / AD 1676), 240 x 144 cm.

Architectural elements - Ceramics (Islamic era)

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Material
Ceramics
Type
Architectural elements
Countries
Egypt
Period
Islamic era (AD 640 – 1805)
Ivory inlaid wooden panel with geometrical decoration and plants, Mamluk Period (8th century AH / 14th century AD), 27 x 27 x 3 cm.

Architectural elements - Wood (Islamic era)

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Material
Wood
Type
Architectural elements
Countries
Egypt
Period
Islamic era (AD 640 – 1805)
Medical prescription by Ibn El Afeif, Fostat, Mamluk Period (9th century AH / 15th century AD), 16 x 10 cm.

Books, documents, and manuscripts (Islamic era)

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Material
Paper | Papyrus | Parchment | Paper and parchment
Type
Documents
Countries
Egypt
Period
Islamic era (AD 640 – 1805)
Incised brass candlestick, Mamluk Period (AH 265 - 860 / AD 887 - 1482), 48 x Ø of base 40 cm.

Daily life (Islamic era)

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Material
Metals
Type
Accessories, jewellery and seals | Accessories and jewellery | Religious and ceremonial objects | Tools and weapons | Utensils and vessels | Numismatics | Furniture
Countries
Egypt
Period
Islamic era (AD 640 – 1805)
Gold necklace, Ayyubid Dynasty (AH 549 - 628 / AD 1171 - 1250), 24 cm.

Textile (fragments) and accessories - Jewellery (Islamic era)

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Material
Metals | Precious stones
Type
Accessories and jewellery
Countries
Egypt
Period
Islamic era (AD 640 – 1805)
Block-printed linen fragment, Mamluk Period (8th century AH / 14th century AD), 33 x 21 cm.

Textile (fragments) and accessories - Textiles (Islamic era)

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Material
Textiles
Type
Textiles and clothing
Countries
Egypt
Period
Islamic era (AD 640 – 1805)
Lustre painted large dish, Fatimid era (5th century AH / 11th century AD), 15 x Ø 40 cm.

Vessels and containers - Ceramics (Islamic era)

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Material
Ceramics | Porcelain
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Egypt
Period
Islamic era (AD 640 – 1805)
Gilded and enamelled glass mosque lamp, complex of Sultan Hussan (Cairo), Mamluk Period (AH 622 - 894 / AD 1250 - 1516), 35.5 x Ø 26 cm.

Vessels and containers - Glass (Islamic era)

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Material
Glass | Porcelain
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Egypt
Period
Islamic era (AD 640 – 1805)
Copper perfume sprinkler inlaid with gold and silver, Mamluk Period (AH 698 - 708 / AD 1299 - 1309 or AH 709 - 741 / AD 1309 - 1340), 23.5 x 11 cm.

Vessels and containers - Metal (Islamic era)

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Material
Metals
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Egypt
Period
Islamic era (AD 640 – 1805)