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Emergency Red List of Egyptian Cultural Objects at Risk

The fight against illicit traffic in cultural goods requires the enhancement of both legal instruments and practical tools disseminating information and raising public awareness.

The Emergency Red List of Egyptian Cultural Objects at Risk aims to help art and heritage professionals and law enforcement officials identify Egyptian objects that are protected by national and international legislations. In order to facilitate identification, the Emergency Red List describes the categories or types of cultural items that are most likely to be illegally bought and sold.

Museums, auction houses, art dealers and collectors are encouraged not to acquire these objects without having carefully and thoroughly researched their origin and all the relevant legal documentation. Due to the great diversity of objects, styles and periods, the Emergency Red List of Egyptian Cultural Objects at Risk is far from exhaustive. Any cultural good that could have originated in Egypt should be subjected to detailed scrutiny and precautionary measures.

 

Download the Emergency Red List of Egyptian Cultural Objects at Risk in English

Download the Emergency Red List of Egyptian Cultural Objects at Risk in Arabic

Download the Emergency Red List of Egyptian Cultural Objects at Risk in French

Download the Emergency Red List of Egyptian Cultural Objects at Risk in German

Legislation

The cultural heritage of Egypt is protected by the following national and international laws and bilateral agreements:

NATIONAL LEGISLATION

By-law of March 1869 on "Antiquities items", including Regulatory dispositions for excavations to prevent the smuggling of antiquities.

By-law of March 1874 on Undiscovered antiquities irrespective of their location are property of the government.

Decree of 1835 Banning the unauthorized removal of antiquities from the country (15 August 1835).

Decree of 1897 Concerning the Punishment for illegal excavation (12 August 1897).

Law No. 14 of 1912 on Antiquities, 12 June 1912.

Ministerial Decree No. 50 of 8 December 1912 on Antiquities trade and authorisation.

Ministerial Decree No. 52 of 8 December 1912 on the Ruling on excavations.

Ministerial Decree of 10 February 1921 on the Export of antiquities.

Law No. 14 of 29 January 1931 on the Protection of cultural objects found near and around Al Moallaka.

Rule No. 10613 of 6 March 1952 on Regulations for the commerce in antiquities.

Law No. 215 of 31 October 1951 on the Protection of antiquities, as amended by Rule No. 10614 of 6 March 1952 on the Export of antiquities.

Law No. 215 of 31 October 1951 on the Protection of antiquities, as amended by Rule No. 10614 of 6 March 1952 on the Protection of antiquities.

Rule No. 10827 of 17 August 1952 on the Ruling regarding excavations.

Law No. 117 of the year 1983 Concerning the issuance of antiquities’ protection law (11 August 1983).

Article 12 of the Constitution, revised on 25 May 2005.

Law No. 117 of 1983, as amended by Law No. 3 of 2010 (14 February 2010), Promulgating the antiquities’ protection law (6 August 1983).

 

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

The Hague Convention of 14 May 1954 for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict with Regulations for the Execution of the Convention (Ratified, 17 August 1955), the First Protocol (Ratified, 17 August 1955) and the Second Protocol (Ratified, 3 August 2005).

UNESCO Convention of 14 November 1970 on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (Accepted, 5 April 1973).

UNESCO Convention of 16 November 1972 Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (Ratified, 7 February 1974).