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Emergency Red List of Iraqi Cultural Objects at Risk - 2015 Update

The fight against illicit trafficking in cultural goods requires the enhancement of legal instruments and the use of practical tools disseminating information, raising public awareness, and preventing illegal exportation.

The Emergency Red List of Iraqi Cultural Objects at Risk illustrates the categories or types of cultural items that are most likely to be illegally traded. It aims to help art and heritage professionals and law enforcement officials identify Iraqi objects that are at risk and protected by the legislation in force. Museums, auction houses, art dealers and collectors are encouraged not to acquire such objects without having carefully and thoroughly researched their origin and all the relevant legal documentation.

Due to the great diversity of objects, styles and periods, the Emergency Red List of Iraqi Cultural Objects at Risk is far from exhaustive. Any cultural good that could have originated from Iraq should be subjected to detailed scrutiny and precautionary measures.

 

Download the 2015 Emergency Red List of Iraqi Cultural Objects at Risk in English 

Download the 2015 Emergency Red List of Iraqi Cultural Objects at Risk in Arabic   

Download the 2015 Emergency Red List of Iraqi Cultural Objects at Risk in French 

Download the 2015 Emergency Red List of Iraqi Cultural Objects at Risk in German 

List of object categories

Gold earring with jasper and carnelian beads, Ashur, 14th – 13th c. BC, L 3.5 cm.

Accessories and instruments - Jewellery

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Material
Metals | Shell | Ceramics | Glass | Ivory | Porcelain | Stone
Type
Accessories and jewellery
Countries
Iraq
Period
5th millennium BC – 19th century AD
Bronze axe, Ashur, last quarter of the 3rd millennium BC, L 12.8 cm.

Accessories and instruments - Tools and weapons


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Material
Ivory | Stone | Metals
Type
Tools and weapons
Countries
Iraq
Period
5th millennium BC – 19th century AD
Carved teak doors, 9th c. AD, 221 x 104.8 cm.

Architectural elements - Architectural fragments, Islamic

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Material
Wood | Stone
Type
Architectural elements
Countries
Iraq
Period
4th millennium BC – AD 1258
Red, black and white painted terracotta cones mosaic (and detail), Uruk, end of the 4th millennium BC, 8-10 x Ø 1.5-3 cm (for a single cone).

Architectural elements - Architectural fragments, Pre-Islamic

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Material
Terracotta | Stone
Type
Architectural elements
Countries
Iraq
Period
4th millennium BC – AD 1258
Clay foundation cone with cuneiform inscription, Uruk, 19th c. BC, H 5.3 cm.

Architectural elements - Foundation elements, Clay cones

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Material
Clay
Type
Architectural elements
Countries
Iraq
Period
4th millennium BC – AD 1258
Bronze foundation element figurine bearing a cuneiform inscription with the name of the Sumerian king Shulgi, Uruk, end of the 3rd millennium BC, 24.7 cm.

Architectural elements - Foundation elements, Metal (bronze, silver, gold, alloys) figurines

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Material
Metals
Type
Architectural elements | Sculptures
Countries
Iraq
Period
4th millennium BC – AD 1258
Abbasid gold dinar, reign of al-Mansur (AD 760), 4.26 g.

Coins - Islamic

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Material
Metals
Type
Coins
Countries
Iraq
Period
400 BC - AD 1258
Sasanian silver drachm, southern Iraq, reign of Khusrau II (AD 622), Ø 32 mm and 4.13 g.

Coins - Pre-Islamic




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Material
Metals
Type
Coins
Countries
Iraq
Period
400 BC - AD 1258
Ivory plaque with ram-headed sphinx in Phoenician style, Neo-Assyrian period (ca. 9th – 8th c. BC), 7.8 x 8 x 0.8 cm.

Figural sculpture - Plaques and inlays

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Material
Bones | Ivory | Shell | Stone | Semi-precious stones
Type
Plaques | Sculptures | Inlays
Countries
Iraq
Period
6th millennium BC – AD 632
Stone relief plaque illustrating a banquet scene, its preparations and frolicking, Khafajah, Early Dynastic II – III A (ca. 2700 – 2600 BC), 20.4 x 20 x 4.2 cm.

Figural sculpture - Reliefs

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Material
Marble | Stone | Alabaster | Terracotta
Type
Plaques | Steles | Slabs | Sculptures | Reliefs
Countries
Iraq
Period
6th millennium BC – AD 632
Clay figurine with a serpent’s head, Uruk, end of the 5th millennium BC, H 9.6 cm.

Figural sculpture - Sculpture in the round, Clay figurines

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Material
Clay
Type
Sculptures | Toys | Furniture
Countries
Iraq
Period
6000 BC - 4th c. AD
Alabaster votive statue, Ashur, 2400 BC, H 46 cm.

Figural sculpture - Sculpture in the round, Stone votive statues

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Material
Marble | Stone | Gypsum | Limestone
Type
Sculptures | Statues
Countries
Iraq
Period
3000 BC - AD 632
Lapis lazuli cylinder seal, Babylon, 14th c. BC, 5 x ∅ 1.6 cm

Stamps and seals - Cylinder seals


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Material
Bones | Shell | Shell, bone and fossils | Stone | Terracotta
Type
Seals | Stamps
Countries
Iraq
Period
6th millennium – 300 BC
Banded calcite ram-shaped stamp seal, Tell Agrab, Uruk Period (ca. 4000 – 3100 BC).

Stamps and seals - Stamp seals and signet rings

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Material
Bones | Shell | Stone | Terracotta
Type
Seals | Stamps | Accessories, jewellery and seals
Countries
Iraq
Period
6th millennium – 300 BC
Ceramic bowl with Aramaic inscription, southern Iraq, ∅ 11.5 cm

Vessels and containers - Ceramics, Bowls

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Material
Clay | Ceramics
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Iraq
Period
5th millennium BC – AD 1534
Green-blue glazed jar, southern Iraq, AD 632 – 1258.

Vessels and containers - Ceramics, Glazed ware

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Material
Ceramics | Clay
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Iraq
Period
5th millennium BC – AD 1534
Pottery jar, southern Iraq, early 2nd millennium BC, H 8 cm.

Vessels and containers - Ceramics, Jars, plates and pilgrim flasks

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Material
Clay | Ceramics
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Iraq
Period
5th millennium BC – AD 1534
Miniature glass bottle, Ashur, 13th c. BC, 23.2 x ∅ 7.5 cm.

Vessels and containers - Glass

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Material
Glass
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Iraq
Period
5th millennium BC – AD 1534
Bronze vessel, Ashur, 9th – 8th c. BC, 41 x ∅ 14.8 cm.

Vessels and containers - Metal

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Material
Metals
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Iraq
Period
5th millennium BC – AD 1534
Limestone vessel with natural asphalt coating and inlaid decorations, Uruk, end of the 4th millennium BC, H 22.5 cm.

Vessels and containers - Stone


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Material
Alabaster | Stone | Marble | Limestone
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Iraq
Period
5th millennium BC – AD 1534
Clay tablet with cuneiform writing, Uruk, ca. 3200 BC, 5.7 x 4.3 cm.

Writing - Clay or stone tablets

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Material
Clay | Stone
Type
Tablets
Countries
Iraq
Period
4th millennium BC – AD 1258
Paper folio with ink, gold and opaque watercolours from a Materia Medica of Dioscorides showing a physician preparing an elixir, possibly from Baghdad, AD 1224, 33.2 x 24.8 cm.

Writing - Manuscripts, books and documents

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Material
Paper | Paper and parchment | Parchment
Type
Documents | Graphic work
Countries
Iraq
Period
4th millennium BC – AD 1258