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Emergency Red List of Iraqi Cultural Objects at Risk - 2015 Update

The fight against illicit trafficking in cultural goods requires the enhancement of legal instruments and the use of practical tools disseminating information, raising public awareness, and preventing illegal exportation.

The Emergency Red List of Iraqi Cultural Objects at Risk illustrates the categories or types of cultural items that are most likely to be illegally traded. It aims to help art and heritage professionals and law enforcement officials identify Iraqi objects that are at risk and protected by the legislation in force. Museums, auction houses, art dealers and collectors are encouraged not to acquire such objects without having carefully and thoroughly researched their origin and all the relevant legal documentation.

Due to the great diversity of objects, styles and periods, the Emergency Red List of Iraqi Cultural Objects at Risk is far from exhaustive. Any cultural good that could have originated from Iraq should be subjected to detailed scrutiny and precautionary measures.

 

Download the 2015 Emergency Red List of Iraqi Cultural Objects at Risk in English 

Download the 2015 Emergency Red List of Iraqi Cultural Objects at Risk in Arabic   

Download the 2015 Emergency Red List of Iraqi Cultural Objects at Risk in French 

Download the Emergency Red List of Iraqi Cultural Objects at Risk 2015 in German 

Download the Emergency Red List of Iraqi Cultural Objects at Risk 2015 in Turkish 

Legislation

Legislation protecting Iraqi movable cultural property:

 

NATIONAL LEGISLATION

Law No. 55 of 2002 on Antiquities and Heritage (18 November 2002).

 

Constitution of the Republic of Iraq, Article 113 (15 October 2005).

 

 

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

The Hague Convention of 14 May 1954 for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict (ratified, 21 December 1967) and the first Protocol (ratified, 21 December 1967).

 

UNESCO Convention of 14 November 1970 on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (accepted, 12 February 1975).

 

UNESCO Convention of 16 November 1972 Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (accepted, 5 March 1974).

 

United Nations Security Council Resolution 661, Article 3a regarding the import of commodities and products originating from Iraq (6 August 1990).

 

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1483 (2003) on the Situation between Iraq and Kuwait (22 May 2003).

 

European Union Council Regulation (EC) No 1210/2003 concerning certain specific restrictions on economic and financial relations with Iraq and repealing Regulation (EC) No 2465/96, Article 3 (7 July 2003). 

 

Charter of the United Nations (Sanctions - Iraq) Regulations 2008, Select Legislative Instrument 2008 No. 45 as amended, Article 9 on the Return of illegally removed cultural property of Iraq and Article 10 on Dealing with illegally removed cultural property (18 May 2011).

 

United Nations Security Council Resolution 2199 (2015) on Threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts (12 February 2015).

 

 

OTHER LAWS AND REGULATIONS

League of Arab States: Riyadh Arab Agreement for Judicial Cooperation (6 April 1983).

 

 

Russian Federation: Decree No. 968 on the measures to implement the UN Security Council resolution 1483 of 22 May 2003 (18 August 2003).

 

 

Swiss Confederation: By-law of 7 August 1990 on the Economic measures regarding the Republic of Iraq, Articles 1a, 2a and 4c, as amended by RO 2003 1887 on 28 May 2003 (25 June 2003).

 

 

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Statutory Instrument 2003 No. 1519, The Iraq (United Nations Sanctions) Order 2003, Article 8 (14 June 2003).

 

 

United States of America: 

Department of Homeland Security’s Import Restrictions Imposed on Archaeological and Ethnological Material of Iraq, Committee of the Federal Register (CFR) Title 19 regarding Customs Duties

12.104 - Definitions (27 February 1986).

 

The Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control, Committee of the Federal Register (CFR) Title 31 regarding Money and Finance: Treasury

575.204 - Prohibited importation of goods or services from Iraq (2 August 1990).

575.206 - Prohibited dealing in property (9 August 1990).

575.533 - Certain new transactions (23 May 2003).

576.208 - Prohibited transactions related to certain Iraqi cultural property (13 September 2010).

576.411 - Prohibited transactions involving certain Iraqi cultural property (13 September 2010).

 

Emergency Protection for Iraqi Cultural Antiquities Act, H.R. 1047 Miscellaneous Trade and Technical Corrections Act of 2004, Public Law 108-429, Title III - Iraqi Cultural Antiquities, Sec. 3001-3003 (12 March 2004).