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Emergency Red List of Iraqi Antiquities at Risk

This document has been designed as a tool for customs officials, police officers, art dealers and collectors to help them to recognize objects that could originate from Iraq.

This Red List describes the general types of artefacts most favoured by the illegal antiquities market, so that these may be identified and detained wherever they surface. They are protected by legislation, banned from export and may under no circumstances be imported or put on sale. An appeal is therefore being made to museums, auction houses, art dealers and collectors not to acquire them.

This is a list of the types of objects from Iraq which are particularly at risk and are likely to have been stolen. It is in no way exhaustive. Because of the tremendous variety of objects, styles, and periods, any antiquity from Iraq should be treated with suspicion.

This Red List was drawn up by a group of 12 international experts during a meeting held at the Interpol headquarters in Lyons (France) on 7 May 2003.

 

Download the Emergency Red List of Iraqi Antiquities at Risk in English 

Download the Emergency Red List of Iraqi Antiquities at Risk in French 

Download the Emergency Red List of Iraqi Antiquities at Risk in Arabic 

List of object categories

Pottery jar decorated "scarlet ware" from Khafaji, beginning of the 3rd millennium B.C., Iraq Museum

Containers- Ceramic

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Material
Ceramics
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Iraq
Period
Pre-Islamic
Islamic glasses : cup (IM 11204) and bottle (IM 11223), 13th and 9-10th centuries A.D.

Containers- Glass

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Material
Glass
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Iraq
Period
Pre-Islamic
Gold bowl, Royal Cementery of Ur, about 2500 B.C.

Containers- Metal

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Material
Metals
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Iraq
Period
Pre-Islamic
Small alabaster vessels, Tell es-Sawwan, 6th millennium B.C.

Containers- Stone

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Material
Stone
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Iraq
Period
Pre-Islamic
Stone cylinder seal, beginning of the 2nd millennium B.C., Musée du Louvre

Cylinder seals

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Material
Shell | Stone
Type
Seals
Countries
Iraq
Period
Pre-Islamic
Jewellery board, Royal Cemetery of Ur, about 2500 B.C.

Jewellery and carved gems

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Material
Metals | Semi-precious stones
Type
Accessories and jewellery
Countries
Iraq
Period
Pre-Islamic
Baked clay foundation cone with cuneiform writing, end of the 3rd millennium B.C.

Objects with cuneiform writing

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Material
Ceramics | Stone
Type
Utensils and vessels | Sculptures
Countries
Iraq
Period
Pre-Islamic
Ivory plaque from Nimrud, beginning of the 1st millennium B.C. (IM 60555)

Plaques and sculptures



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Material
Ivory | Bones
Type
Sculptures
Countries
Iraq
Period
Pre-Islamic
Stone Assyrian relief fragment from Nineveh, about 700 B.C. (stolen)

Reliefs

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Material
Stone
Type
Architectural elements | Sculptures
Countries
Iraq
Period
Pre-Islamic
Bronze foundation figurine, end of the 3rd millennium B.C., Iraq Museum

Sculptures- Bronze

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Material
Metals
Type
Sculptures
Countries
Iraq
Period
Pre-Islamic
Terra cotta Sumerian figure from Tello, about 2000 B.C., Iraq Museum

Sculptures- Clay

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Material
Clay
Type
Sculptures | Architectural elements | Toys
Countries
Iraq
Period
Pre-Islamic
Stone figurines from Tell es-Sawwan, beginning of the 6th millennium B.C.

Sculptures- Stone

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Material
Stone
Type
Sculptures
Countries
Iraq
Period
Pre-Islamic
Stone stamp seals, Jamdat Naser period, about 3000 B.C., Iraq Museum

Stamp seals and their impressions

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Material
Shell | Stone | Ceramics | Metals
Type
Seals
Countries
Iraq
Period
Pre-Islamic
Clay proto-cuneiform tablet with early pictographic writing, end of the 4th millennium B.C.

Tablets

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Material
Clay | Stone
Type
Documents
Countries
Iraq
Period
Pre-Islamic
Islamic carved brick architectural decoration

Architectural and furniture fragments



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Material
Plaster | Wood
Type
Architectural elements | Furniture | Paintings
Countries
Iraq
Period
Islamic
Islamic manuscript page in Arabic

Calligraphy and archival documents

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Material
Paper and parchment
Type
Documents
Countries
Iraq
Period
Islamic
Islamic coins

Coins

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Material
Metals
Type
Numismatics | Coins
Countries
Iraq
Period
Pre-Islamic, Islamic