Find a category of objects

­
Close
Enter material, type of object, country or region of origin, or time period

Use Boolean search to refine results:
AND (ex: + Africa +figurine)
OR (ex: Africa figurine)
NOT (ex: +Africa –figurine)
ALL (ex: figur* yields figurine, figural,...)
­
Close
Select material
­
Close
Select type of object
­
Close
Select country or region of origin
­
Close
Select time period
Back

Emergency Red List of Libyan Cultural Objects at Risk

Why a Red List for Libya?         
The instability and violence that Libya experienced in recent years have put its cultural heritage under tremendous stress and high risk. The threat of systematic damage to cultural heritage sites is of great concern. The losses endured are leading to the historical impoverishment of a country with an exceptionally rich cultural heritage. The slow but steady disappearance of Libya’s cultural witnesses of the past has rendered evident the need for immediate action that will help protect them.

ICOM, thanks to the support of the US Department of State, is publishing the Emergency Red List of Libyan Cultural Objects at Risk to help law enforcement officials as well as art and heritage professionals identify objects originating from Libya that are protected by national legislation and international agreements and instruments, and at risk of being illicitly traded.

The purpose of the Emergency Red List of Libyan Cultural Objects at Risk is to ensure the right of future generations to this heritage. To this aim, ICOM, in close cooperation with a team of national and international experts, has identified and presented here the types of objects from Libya that the current market trends are exposing to the greatest risks.

 

Download the Emergency Red List of Libyan Cultural Objects at Risk in English 

Download the Emergency Red List of Libyan Cultural Objects at Risk in French 

Download the Emergency Red List of Libyan Cultural Objects at Risk in Arabic 

Download the Emergency Red List of Libyan Cultural Objects at Risk in German 

Legislation

The cultural heritage of Libya is protected by the following national and international laws and multilateral agreements:

NATIONAL LEGISLATION

Law No. 3 of 1424 P.B. (1994) for the Protection of Antiquities, Museums, Old Cities and Historical Buildings (29 August 1994).

Regulatory decree No. 152 for the Protection of Antiquities, Museums, Old Cities and Historical Buildings (4 June 1995).

 

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

The Hague Convention of 14 May 1954 for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict (ratified, 19 November 1957), its first Protocol (ratified, 19 November 1957) and the Second Protocol (adhered, 20 July 2001).

UNESCO Convention of 14 November 1970 on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (ratified, 19 January 1973).

UNESCO Convention of 16 November 1972 Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (ratified, 13 October 1978).

UNESCO Convention of 2 November 2001 on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage (ratified, 23 June 2005).