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Red List of Peruvian Antiquities at Risk

This Red List has been developed to assist museums, dealers in art and antiquities, and collectors, as well as customs and law enforcement officials in the identification of objects that may have been illicitly exported from Peru. To facilitate identification, the Red List describes several categories of objects at risk of being illicitly traded on the antiquities market. These objects are protected under Peruvian legislation banning their export and sale. Therefore, ICOM appeals to museums, auction houses, dealers in art and antiquities, and collectors not to purchase such objects without first having checked thoroughly their origin and provenance documentation.


Because of the great diversity of Peruvian objects, styles, and periods, the Red List of Peruvian Antiquities at Risk is not exhaustive, and any antiquity that may have originated in Peru should be subjected to detailed scrutiny and precautionary measures.


Download the the Red List of Peruvian Antiquities at Risk in English 

Download the the Red List of Peruvian Antiquities at Risk in French 

Download the the Red List of Peruvian Antiquities at Risk in Spanish

Download the the Red List of Peruvian Antiquities at Risk in German 


The cultural heritage of Peru is protected by:



Political Constitution of Peru (1993), Article 21

Act No. 28296 (2004) and its Regulations (2006): General Act on the Cultural Heritage of the Country

Supreme Decree No. 007-2006-MTC, Regulations of Act No. 28404: Act on Security of Civil Aviation

Decree Law No. 19414 (1972): Act on Defence, Conservation and Development of the Country's Documentary Heritage, and its Regulations

Legislative Decree No. 635 (1991), Criminal Code: Title VIII

Legislative Decree No. 961 (2006), Code of Justice Military Police of Peru



UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (Paris, 14 November 1970)

Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict (The Hague, 14 May 1954) and its two Protocols (1954 and 1999)

Decision 588 of 2004 of the Andean Community

UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects (Rome, 24 June 1995)

OAS Convention on the Protection of the Archaeological, Historical and Artistic Heritage of the American Nations (San Salvador Convention, 16 June 1976)



Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Hungary, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, South Africa (pending), Switzerland, Turkey, United States of America, and Uruguay
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