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Emergency Red List of Syrian Cultural Objects at Risk

The fight against illicit traffic in cultural goods requires the enhancement of legal instruments and the use of practical tools disseminating information, raising public awareness, and preventing illegal export. 

Following reports of widespread damage and looting at cultural heritage sites in Syria, ICOM decided to publish the Emergency Red List of Syrian Cultural Objects at Risk with the aim to help art and heritage professionals and law enforcement officials identify Syrian objects that are protected by national and international legislations. In order to facilitate identification, the Emergency Red List illustrates the categories or types of cultural items that are most likely to be illegally bought and sold.

Museums, auction houses, art dealers and collectors are encouraged not to acquire such objects without having carefully and thoroughly researched their origin and all the relevant legal documentation. Due to the great diversity of objects, styles and periods, the Emergency Red List of Syrian Cultural Objects at Risk is far from exhaustive. Any cultural good that could have originated from  Syria should be subjected to detailed scrutiny and precautionary measures.

 

Download the Emergency Red List of Syrian Cultural Objects at Risk in English 

Download the Emergency Red List of Syrian Cultural Objects at Risk in French 

Download the Emergency Red List of Syrian Cultural Objects at Risk in Arabic 

Download the Emergency Red List of Syrian Cultural Objects at Risk in German 

List of object categories

Clay cuneiform tablet with rounded corners, Mari, 1900 - 64 BC, 7.1 × 7 cm.

Writing

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Material
Ceramics | Clay | Terracotta | Metals | Stone | Parchment | Paper | Paper and parchment
Type
Documents | Plaques | Religious and ceremonial objects | Seals | Tablets | Steles
Countries
Syria
Period
Early Bronze Age to Ottoman period (3rd millennium BC - AD 1918)
Gypsum low relief of ”Asadu and Sadai”, Dura-Europos, 1st - 2nd century AD, 46 x 46 x 8 cm.

Sculpture in high and low relief - Clay and stone votive reliefs

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Material
Clay | Ceramics | Stone | Marble
Type
Architectural elements | Sculptures | Portrait
Countries
Syria
Period
Prehistory to Islamic era (6th millennium BC - 15th century AD)
Ivory plaque of a "Woman at the window", Arslan Tash, Iron Age (8th century BC), 8 x 9.7 x 1.2 cm.

Sculpture in high and low relief - Ivory reliefs

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Material
Ivory
Type
Architectural elements | Plaques | Portrait | Sculptures
Countries
Syria
Period
Prehistory to Islamic era (6th millennium BC - 15th century AD)
Limestone funerary bust, Palmyra, 3rd century AD, 60 x 45 cm.

Sculpture in high and low relief - Limestone funerary reliefs

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Material
Stone
Type
Architectural elements | Sculptures | Portrait
Countries
Syria
Period
Prehistory to Islamic era (6th millennium BC - 15th century AD)
Bronze statuette of a man marching with an arm raised high and the head covered with gold appliqués, Ugarit, ca. 1300 BC, 12 cm.

Sculpture in the round - Bronze male figurines

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Material
Metals
Type
Portrait | Sculptures | Religious and ceremonial objects
Countries
Syria
Period
Prehistory to Islamic era (6th millennium BC - 15th century AD)
Alabaster statue of a Mari woman with eyes inlaid with shell and blue stone (lapis lazuli), Mari, ca. 2350 BC, 36 cm.

Sculpture in the round - Statues

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Material
Wood | Stone | Metals
Type
Sculptures | Architectural elements | Portrait
Countries
Syria
Period
Prehistory to Islamic era (6th millennium BC - 15th century AD)
Terracotta female figurine, Halaf, 6th millennium BC, 8.8 cm.

Sculpture in the round - Votive figurines

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Material
Ceramics | Clay | Terracotta
Type
Sculptures | Portrait | Architectural elements
Countries
Syria
Period
Prehistory to Islamic era (6th millennium BC - 15th century AD)
Alabaster ‘Eye Idols’, Eye Temple (Tell Brak), 3200 BC, 4 x 2.6 x 0.5 cm.

Sculpture in the round - ‘Eye Idols’

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Material
Bones | Stone
Type
Sculptures
Countries
Syria
Period
Prehistory to Islamic era (6th millennium BC - 15th century AD)
Ceramic globular jar with painted red geometric motifs, Central Syria, Early Bronze Age II (1800 - 1600 BC), 20 x Ø max. 15 cm.

Vessels

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Material
Ceramics | Clay | Terracotta | Metals | Stone | Glass
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Syria
Period
Prehistory to Ottoman period (7th millennium BC - AD 1918)
Limestone cube mosaic of a shrine with animals and vegetal motifs (whole scene and a detail), At Tamani῾ah, second half of the 5th century AD, 85 x 85 cm total piece, individual cubes 0.8-1 cm.

Architectural elements - Mosaics

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Material
Ceramics | Stone | Glass
Type
Architectural elements
Countries
Syria
Period
Antiquity to Ottoman period (3rd millennium BC - AD 1918)
White limestone Corinthian capital with two rows of acanthi leaves, Harem, Byzantine period (5th - 6th centuries AD), 61 x 14 x inf. Ø 47 cm.

Architectural elements - Various elements


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Material
Stone | Marble | Terracotta | Wood | Ceramics | Glass | Stucco | Clay
Type
Architectural elements | Plaques | Calligraphy | Paintings | Tablets
Countries
Syria
Period
Antiquity to Ottoman period (3rd millennium BC - AD 1918)
Stone inlay depicting a human-headed bull, Ebla, ca. 2400 BC, 10 x 15 cm.

Accessories and instruments - Inlays

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Material
Ivory | Mother-of-pearl | Shell | Stone
Type
Accessories and jewellery | Architectural elements | Tablets | Furniture | Plate
Countries
Syria
Period
Prehistory to Ottoman period (7th millennium BC - AD 1918)
Gold crescent earring with inlaid gemstone, Tell El-Qita (Aleppo), Hellenistic period (312 – 63 BC), 2.59 x 3.21 x 0.2 cm.

Accessories and instruments - Jewellery

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Material
Metals | Stone | Stone and plaster | Semi-precious stones
Type
Accessories and jewellery | Accessories, jewellery and seals
Countries
Syria
Period
Prehistory to Ottoman period (7th millennium BC - AD 1918)
Metal astrolabe, Islamic era (16th century), 2.5 x Ø 15.3 cm.

Accessories and instruments - Various instruments

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Material
Clay | Wood | Bones | Stone | Shell | Shell, bone and fossils | Metals | Ivory
Type
Religious and ceremonial objects | Tools and weapons | Utensils and vessels | Accessories, jewellery and seals | Accessories and jewellery
Countries
Syria
Period
Prehistory to Ottoman period (7th millennium BC - AD 1918)
Bronze pierced axe, Levant, 19th - early 18th century BC, 11 x 14 cm.

Accessories and instruments - Weapons and tools

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Material
Stone | Metals
Type
Tools and weapons | Utensils and vessels
Countries
Syria
Period
Prehistory to Ottoman period (7th millennium BC - AD 1918)
Bronze lamp, Damascus region, Roman period (64 BC - AD 636), 2.7 x 13.2 cm.

Accessories and instruments – Lamps

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Material
Glass | Metals | Terracotta
Type
Accessories and jewellery | Furniture
Countries
Syria
Period
Prehistory to Ottoman period (7th millennium BC - AD 1918)
Hematite cylinder seal and impression, Ugarit, ca. 2000 - 1190 BC, 3 x 2 cm.

Cylinder seals

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Material
Ceramics | Clay | Terracotta | Stone | Ivory
Type
Accessories and jewellery | Graphic work | Religious and ceremonial objects | Seals
Countries
Syria
Period
Prehistory to Byzantine era (6th millennium BC - AD 636)
Red limestone stamp and seal impression, Hassek province (Tell Brak), Late Chalcolithic (ca. 3800 - 3500 BC), 6.75 x 5.5 x 10 cm.

Stamp seals

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Material
Ceramics | Terracotta | Stone
Type
Stamps | Seals
Countries
Syria
Period
Prehistory to Byzantine era (6th millennium BC - AD 636)
Silver tetradrachm with Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII, Ras Ibn Hani (Latakia), 40 - 31 BC.

Tessera and coins

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Material
Metals | Terracotta | Ceramics | Clay
Type
Accessories and jewellery | Coins | Documents | Graphic work | Numismatics | Plaques | Tablets
Countries
Syria
Period
Achaemenid to Ottoman period (539 BC – AD 1918)