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Emergency Red List of Syrian Cultural Objects at Risk

The fight against illicit traffic in cultural goods requires the enhancement of legal instruments and the use of practical tools disseminating information, raising public awareness, and preventing illegal export. 

Following reports of widespread damage and looting at cultural heritage sites in Syria, ICOM decided to publish the Emergency Red List of Syrian Cultural Objects at Risk with the aim to help art and heritage professionals and law enforcement officials identify Syrian objects that are protected by national and international legislations. In order to facilitate identification, the Emergency Red List illustrates the categories or types of cultural items that are most likely to be illegally bought and sold.

Museums, auction houses, art dealers and collectors are encouraged not to acquire such objects without having carefully and thoroughly researched their origin and all the relevant legal documentation. Due to the great diversity of objects, styles and periods, the Emergency Red List of Syrian Cultural Objects at Risk is far from exhaustive. Any cultural good that could have originated from  Syria should be subjected to detailed scrutiny and precautionary measures.

 

Download the Emergency Red List of Syrian Cultural Objects at Risk in English 

Download the Emergency Red List of Syrian Cultural Objects at Risk in French 

Download the Emergency Red List of Syrian Cultural Objects at Risk in Arabic 

Download the Emergency Red List of Syrian Cultural Objects at Risk in German 

Download the Emergency Red List of Syrian Cultural Objects at Risk in Turkish 

Legislation

The cultural heritage of Syria is protected by the following national and international laws:

NATIONAL LEGISLATION

  • Decree-Law No. 84 of the Civil Code regarding archaeological objects covered by specific laws (18 May 1949).
  • Legislative Decree No. 148 of the Penal Code regarding the destructions of historical monuments (22 May 1949).
  • Legislative Decree No. 222 on the Antiquities regime in Syria (26 October 1963), as amended by the Antiquities Law (5 April 1999).
  • Law No. 38 on Customs (6 July 2006).
  • Decree-Law No. 107 regarding local administration (23 August 2011).

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

  • The Hague Convention of 14 May 1954 for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict (ratified, 6 March 1958) and the First Protocol (ratified, 6 March 1958).
  • UNESCO Convention of 14 November 1970 on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (accepted, 21 February 1975).
  • UNESCO Convention of 16 November 1972 Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (accepted, 13 August 1975).