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Red List of West African Cultural Objects at Risk

Why a West African Red List? 

Throughout history, West Africa has suffered extensive losses of its cultural heritage. ICOM, thanks to the support of the Swiss Federal Department of Home Affairs, the West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA) and the U.S. Department of State, is publishing the Red List of West African Cultural Objects at Risk. Even though they are protected by national legislation and international agreements, the types of objects on this List are at risk of being traded in the illicit art and antiquities market.

The fight against illicit traffic in cultural goods requires the enhancement – and the enforcement – of legal instruments as well as the use of practical tools.

The purpose of the West African Red List, drafted in close cooperation with a team of national and international experts, is to ensure the right of future generations to this heritage.

 

Download the Red List of West African Cultural Objects at Risk in English

Download the Red List of West African Cultural Objects at Risk in French

 

List of object categories

Collection of bronze earrings and ring, Inner Niger Delta, 8th – 15th c. AD

Miscellaneous objects - Jewellery

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Material
Metals | Copal | Coral | Stone | Shell | Glass
Type
Jewellery
Countries
Mali
Period
8th – 17th century AD
Iron bracelet, Bura culture, Niger River Valley (Niger), 3rd – 11th c. AD, Ø 9.53 cm

Miscellaneous objects - Jewellery and ornaments

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Material
Metals | Ivory
Type
Accessories and jewellery
Countries
Benin | Burkina Faso | Côte d'Ivoire | Guinea-Bissau | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Togo
Period
3rd -19th c. AD
Cupreous metal bell, Sinthiou Bara, 9th – 12th c. AD, 6.3 x 0.8 x Ø 5.4 cm

Miscellaneous objects - Miscellaneous items

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Material
Terracotta | Wood | Metals
Type
Tools | Furniture | Architectural elements
Countries
Benin | Burkina Faso | Côte d'Ivoire | Guinea-Bissau | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Togo
Period
9th – 19th c. AD
Terracotta bed legs, Zone Lacustre, 10th – 12th c. AD, 34.5 x 25 cm

Miscellaneous objects - Tellem bed legs and headrests

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Material
Wood | Terracotta
Type
Furniture | Tools
Countries
Mali
Period
10th – 14th c. AD
Bone axe, Khant Neolithic site (St. Louis), 5000 – 3000 BC, 8.1 x 3.7 x 2 cm

Miscellaneous objects - Weapons and tools

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Material
Terracotta | Wood | Bones | Stone | Metals
Type
Tools and weapons | Tools
Countries
Benin | Burkina Faso | Côte d'Ivoire | Guinea-Bissau | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Togo
Period
20,000 BC – 19th century AD
Terracotta human head, Nok culture, Nigeria, ca. 900 – 300 BC, 21 x 16.5 x 14.6 cm

Sculpted objects

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Material
Terracotta | Clay | Stone | Metals
Type
Statues | Sculptures | Religious and ceremonial objects
Countries
Benin | Burkina Faso | Côte d'Ivoire | Guinea-Bissau | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Togo
Period
900 BC – early 20th century AD
Terracotta statuette, Djenné (Niger River Valley), 12th – 15th c. AD, 37 cm

Sculptures

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Material
Terracotta
Type
Sculptures | Religious and ceremonial objects | Statues
Countries
Mali
Period
11th – 16th century AD
Terracotta vessel, Diorom Boumak, AD 300 – 1500, 20.5 x 0.9 x Ø 28.5 cm

Vessels and containers

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Material
Terracotta
Type
Utensils and vessels | Religious and ceremonial objects
Countries
Benin | Burkina Faso | Côte d'Ivoire | Guinea-Bissau | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Togo
Period
AD 300 – mid-20th century AD
Terracotta bottle, Inner Niger Delta, 8th – 13th c. AD, 34 cm

Vessels and containers - Mali

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Material
Terracotta
Type
Utensils and vessels
Countries
Mali
Period
8th – 16th century AD
White marble funerary stele, Sané necropolis (Gao region), 12th – 13th c. AD, 88 x 44 cm.

Writing

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Material
Stone | Sandstone | Marble | Paper | Paper and parchment | Leather
Type
Documents | Plaques | Steles | Religious and ceremonial objects
Countries
Mali
Period
12th – 18th century AD