Ethics and museum professionals’ exemplary practices are essential for ICOM.
ICOM Code of Ethics for museums was adopted in 1986 and revised in 2004. It establishes the values and principles shared by ICOM and the international museum community. It is a reference tool translated to 38 languages and it sets minimum standards of professional practice and performance for museums and their staff.
By joining ICOM, each member commits to respect this code.
The new version of this essential document was adopted by the Extraordinary General Assembly of ICOM in Milan (Italy), held on 9th July 2016.
Section 1. Organisation
The Executive Board is the executive decision making body of ICOM. It consists of not less than nine (9) and not more than fifteen (15) elected members, as well as the Chairperson of the Advisory Council as an ex-officio member.
The members of the Executive Board shall be elected by the Ordinary General Assembly and serve a three (3)-year term of office. If elected, they shall be permitted to serve a second term in the same position, either as Ordinary Member or Member of the Bureau. An Ordinary Member of the Board may subsequently be elected as a member of the Bureau. No person shall be permitted to serve more than four (4) consecutive terms as an Executive Board member.
Only Individual Members shall be entitled to be elected to the Executive Board. Persons elected to the Executive Board shall not be permitted to hold additional offices within ICOM, provided that they have not been authorised to do so by the Executive Board.
Each Executive Board member including the Chairperson of the Advisory Council shall be entitled to one (1) vote. In the event of a deadlock, the President shall be entitled to exercise a casting vote.
Section 2. Meetings The Executive Board shall convene an ordinary session at least twice (2) a year. One (1) of these meetings shall be held on the occasion of the annual Ordinary General Assembly, which shall be held at the same time and at the same venue.
Section 3. Duties of the Executive Board
The Executive Board is the elected head of the organisation vested with the responsibility of implementing the strategies identified by the General Assembly and shall take necessary actions to implement the General Assembly’s decisions.
The Executive Board shall ensure the good management of ICOM, and shall oversee ICOM’s various resources (financial, human, intellectual and technical) and the development thereof. It shall undertake to protect ICOM’s reputation, international esteem and public regard and shall provide direction to the Secretariat.
It shall recommend the amount for the membership fees that shall be subject to the approval of the General Assembly.
Section 4. Quorum and MajorityThe quorum and the majority of an Executive Board meeting shall be deemed as being a simple majority held between its members.
Section 5. The Bureau
The Bureau of the Executive Board consists of the following:
The President shall be elected by the triennial General Assembly for a three (3)-year term of office and can be re-elected for a second term consisting of the same duration. The President shall set the strategic orientation pertaining to ICOM´s activities in its capacity as an international organisation representing museums and museum professionals. The President shall represent ICOM within the scope of all civil acts. The signature of the President binds ICOM in agreements with third parties. The President shall convene and chair General Assembly and Executive Board meetings.
Between the sessions of the Executive Board, the decisions taken by the President shall be within the framework of the Strategic Plan, the budget, in addition to other issues and decisions taken by the Executive Board and the General Assembly.
The President shall be entitled to address urgent issues and provide ad hoc solutions in co-operation with the Bureau. Such actions shall be reported to the Executive Board at the earliest opportunity with an explanation of the emergency and the subsequent action.
The President shall delegate authority to the Director General to manage ICOM’s day-to-day operations. As the Director General’s superior, the President shall ensure that the Director General implements the decisions taken by the President, the Executive Board and the General Assembly.
The two (2) Vice-Presidents shall be elected by the triennial General Assembly for a three (3)-year term of office and can be re-elected for a second term consisting of the same duration. The Vice Presidents shall carry out the functions and tasks assigned to them by the President; they provide any assistance required by the latter and, in the event of his/her absence, convene and chair meetings.
The Treasurer shall be elected by the triennial General Assembly for a three (3)-year term of office and can be re-elected for a second mandate consisting of the same duration. The Treasurer shall establish the guidelines necessary for ICOM’s financial policy, in collaboration with the Director General, for the approval of the Executive Board, for examining the financial results of ICOM, and for periodically reporting to the Executive Board and the General Assembly.
Section 6. Vacancies
In case of vacancy or impeachment of the President’s office, the Executive Board shall appoint one (1) of the Vice-presidents to assume the presidency until the following election of members of the Executive Board by the General Assembly.
In case of vacancy of the office of Vice-president, the Executive Board shall appoint an ordinary member to assume this function until the following election of members of the Executive Board by the General Assembly. The choice shall be subject to a simple majority vote.
In case of vacancy of the Treasurer office, the Executive Board shall appoint one (1) of its members to assume this function until the following election of members of the Executive Board by the General Assembly. The choice shall be subject to a simple majority vote.
In case of vacancy of the position of an Ordinary Board member, the position shall remain vacant until the following election is held by the General Assembly.