Les musées n'ont pas de frontières,
ils ont un réseau

Toutes les actualités

mars 18, 2019

Réseau Participez à la création de la nouvelle définition du musée! Déjà 117 propositions à découvrir!

Dans le monde entier, l’ICOM fournit un cadre commun pour les musées. C’est un forum de discussions professionnelles et une plate-forme permettant de mettre en question et en valeur le patrimoine et les collections dans les musées et les institutions culturelles.
Une définition commune du musée sert de colonne vertébrale à l’ICOM en tant qu’organisation mondiale.

Cependant, les points d’intersection entre les musées et leur environnement changent constamment. A la suite de la recommandation du comité permanent pour la Définition du musée, perspectives et potentiels (MDPP) et après avoir soigneusement pesé le pour et le contre, le Conseil exécutif de l’ICOM a décidé qu’il était temps de repenser et de réviser la définition existante du musée.

La définition actuelle, qui n’a connu que des ajustements mineurs au cours des dernières décennies, ne reflète ni n’exprime de manière adéquate les complexités du 21ème siècle et les responsabilités et engagements actuels des musées, leurs défis et leurs visions pour l’avenir.

L’ICOM invite ses membres, ses comités, ses partenaires et toutes les autres personnes intéressées à participer à la création de solutions de remplacement potentielles pour la définition du musée, dans les temps pour la 25e Conférence générale de l’ICOM, qui se tiendra à Kyoto du 1er au 7 septembre 2019.

Pour plus d’information et soumettre votre proposition

cliquez ici

Propositions reçues

(mises à jour régulièrement et triées par date de réception – avec les traductions provisoires reçues des contributeurs)

#1 España

Un museo es una institución que custodia, conserva, documenta, investiga, expone, difunde y protege un patrimonio cultural de gran significado para el Humanidad, ya sea material o inmaterial. El museo debe una organización transparente y comprometida con el desarrollo social de su comunidad. (Spanish)

A museum is an institution that guards, preserves, documents, researches, exhibits, disseminates and protects a cultural heritage of great significance for Humanity, whether material or immaterial. The museum owes a transparent organization committed to the social development of its community. (English)

#2 Mozambique

Museu- é uma instituição sem fins lucrativos , de caracter permanente, com ou sem personalidade jurídica, com objectivo de sistematizar um conjunto de bens culturais tangíveis e valoriza-los por meio de investigação, incorporação, inventariação, conservação, interpretação e divulgacao, … (Portuguese)

Museum is a non-institution of permanent character, with or without juridical personality, aiming at systematizing a set of tangible cultural assets and valuing them through: research, incorporation, inventory, conservation, interpretation, exhibition and dissemination in order to dialogue with various audiences (national and international) in the field of visitation, academic and delight. (English)

#3 Méjico

El Museo se alimenta de la diversidad de formas culturales de la relaciôn: sujetos colectivos, objetos-conocimientos significativos y memorias-activaciones; con el fin de resguardar, investigar y exponer expresiones artîsticas asî como la herencia cultural del pasado y en construcciôn. Organizaciôn (Spanish)

Museum is nourished through diverse cultural forms and relationships: collective subjects, significant object-knowledge and memory activations; with the purpose of safeguarding participants, research and promote artistic expression as well as past and in progress cultural heritage activities. Communal, private, public, or mixed organizations, entities which may be institutionalized or not, non-pro (English)

#4 Brasil

Museus são processos e devem estar a serviço da sociedade e do seu desenvolvimento. Devem ser unidades de investigação, interpretação, mapeamento, documentação, preservação cultural, comunicação e exposição dos testemunhos do homem e da natureza, com o objetivo de ampliar construção da identidade. (Portuguese)

Museums are processes and must be at the service of society and its development. They should also be units of investigation, interpretation, mapping, documentation, cultural preservation, communication and exposure of the testimonies of man and nature, with the aim of expanding the possibilities of identity construction and the critical perception about the cultural reality of cities. (English )

#5 Alemania

Le musée est une institution au service du salut public, fondée pour une existence illimitée. Avec l’intention de transmettre au futur ; il conserve des témoins matériels (de la nature, d’une culture ou des cultures) et crée des connaissances internes et externes de et avec ces témoins. (French)

A museum is an institution in the service of public welfare, erected for durable existence. Intending the transfer into future, it conserves material evidence (of nature, of one culture, of cultures) and creates internal and external knowledge with and concerning those objects. (English)

#6 Irán

A museum is an open to the public, professionally established and managed institution which attempts to elaborate human dignity and life quality through appreciation of love, peace, equality and nature, free from any political, social, cultural or ethnic bias with lawful acquisition, documentation, conservation, exhibition and research of tangible and intangible heritage of humanity. (English)

#7 Italia

the mechanism for distilling visions (English)

il meccanismo per distillare visioni (Italian)

#8 Israel

Museums, as instruments of affecting realities, provide single to multi-perspectives into focuses of public interest which are not commonly obtainable, inside the tensions between original to recycled, innovative to traditional, informative to engaging, sectorial to universal, according to the museum’s core commitment. Museums operate out of a transparently declared to a hidden motivation. (English)

המוזיאונים כמכשיר להשפעה על המציאות, מנגישים פרספקטיבה בודדה או מרובה אל מוקדי עניין ציבורי,

בתוך המתחים שבין מקורי לממוחזר, חדשני למסורתי, אינפורמטיבי למערב קהל, סקטוריאלי לאוניברסלי, על פי

מחויבות הליבה של המוזיאון. המניע של המוזיאונים מוצג בשקיפות מלאה או בהסתרה חלקית. (Hebrew)

#9 Italia

A museum is a permanent non-profit institution at the service of society and its development, open to the public and a place for the exchange of ideas, which acquires, preserves, researches, communicates and shows the tangible and intangible heritage of humanity and of its environment for the purposes of education, study and entertainment. (English)

#10 Estados Unidos

Museums are stewards of culture. Rather than define, they seek to describe cultures as enacted by communities of constituents and to provide gathering sites and support platforms for the practice of diverse cultures. Museums are entrusted with objects in their care by the public and are responsible to make those objects accessible to the public. (English)

#11 Reino Unido

Museums collect, conserve, and communicate heritage through exhibitions and display. They are public institutions that make cultural heritage present and accessible to all. Museums are agents of education and recreation through research and display, with the power to lead social, cultural, and intellectual change for the benefit of human development. (English)

#12 Yemen

المتاحف لا تعد مؤسسه لحفظ وعرض الاثار فقط انما تعد حلقه وصل بين ماضي والمستقبل ومن خلالها نرسم صوره للماضي وناخذ دروس  للحاضر

Arabic

Museum is no longer an institution to preserve and display monuments only but is a link between the past and the future through which we draw a picture of the past and take lessons for the present. (English – Google Translate)

#13 Portugal

Um museu é uma instituição permanente, ao serviço da sociedade e de seu desenvolvimento e cultura. Precisa estar aberto a todos, é inclusivo para todos e para todas as crenças, raças e escolhas pessoais. Adquire, conserva, comunica e exibe todo o património para fins de educação, estudo e lazer. (Portuguese)

A museum is a permanent institution in the service of society and its development and culture. Needs to be open to the all the public, is inclusive to all and to all beliefs, races and personal choices. Acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits the heritage of humanity and its environment for the purposes of education, study and enjoyment. (English)

#14 Canada

Independently and collectively, as non-profit entities, museums are saving the world for future generations with Evidence: collections, Knowledge: research and Inspiration: education and engagement. Museums reflect who we were, who we are and who we aspire to be through the cultural and natural heritage we choose to collect, preserve, study and share with the publics we serve. (English)

#15 España

Los museos, además de ser instituciones encargadas de conservar, investigar, exponer, enseñar bienes relevantes de interés cultural, son organismos que tienen una vida interna, una intrahistoria que aflora a través de quienes trabajan y colaboran en y con ellos, que aflora en todos los frutos culturales que su actividad desarrolla: publicaciones, estudios, personalidades. Esta “intrahistoria” da carácter de entidad diferenciadora y proyección más allá de sus paredes y de las fronteras. (Spanish)

Museums, in addition to being institutions in charge of preserving, researching, exhibiting, and teaching relevant cultural assets, are organisms that have an internal life, an intrahistory that emerges through those who work and collaborate in and with them, which emerges in all the cultural fruits that its activity develops: publications, studies, personalities. This “intrahistory” gives character of differentiating entity and projection beyond its walls and borders. (English)

#16 Reino Unido

The UK Museums Association (MA) definition says: “Museums enable people to explore collections for inspiration, learning and enjoyment. They are institutions that collect, safeguard and make accessible artefacts and specimens, which they hold in trust for society.” (English)

#17 Méjico

El Museo se alimenta de la diversidad de formas culturales de la relaciôn: sujetos colectivos, objetos-conocimientos significativos y memorias-activaciones; con el fin de resguardar, investigar y exponer expresiones artîsticas asî como la herencia cultural del pasado y en construcciôn. Organizaciôn comunal, privada, pûblica o mixta; abierta a los pûblicos; que puede o no institucionalizarse, sin fines de lucro y en permanente transformaciôn para co-generar espacios-tiempos museales desde y para el ejercicio de libertades, en beneficio de las actuales, futuras generaciones y de Nuestra Madre Tierra para el buen vivir. (Spanish)

The Museum is nourished through diverse cultural forms of the relationships: collective subjects, significant object-knowledge and memory activations; with the purpose of safeguarding participants, research and promote artistic expression as well as past and in progress cultural heritage activities. Communal, private, public, or mixed organizations, entities which may be institutionalized or not, non-profit organizations, along with groups in permanent transformation may use museum space and times for the exercise of liberty for the benefit of current and future generations along with the welfare of Our Mother Earth. (English)

#18 Philippines

A museum is a non-profit institution in the service and development of society, accessible by the public, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits tangible and intangible realities for the purposes of celebration, education, or resolution. (English)

#19 Mozambique

Museu é uma instituição sem fins lucrativos, de caracter permanente, com ou sem personalidade jurídica, com objectivo de sistematizar bens culturais tangíveis e intagiveis e valoriza-los por meio de investigação, inventariação, conservação, exposição e divulgação com finalidade de dialogar com diversos públicos (nacionais e internacionais) no âmbito da visitação escolar, acadêmica e deleite. (Portuguese)

Museum is a non-profit institution of permanent character, with or without juridical personality, aiming at systematizing a set of tangible and intagible cultural assets and valuing them through: research, inventory, conservation, exhibition and dissemination in order to dialogue with various audiences (Nacional and international) in the field of scholarly visitation, academic and delight. (English)

#20 United Kingdom

Museums have a responsibility to promote positive development locally and globally, addressing real world issues and promoting a just society that flourishes within a stable natural environment. (English)

# 21 Serbia

The museum is a vibrant, thriving, permanent institution, which serves as a bearer and keeper of our tradition, history, our rich and diverse heritage, diversity of our environment, giving shape and form to who we are, unique laboratory for learning and exploration, an institution created for social, educational and professional purposes. (English)

# 22 Ecuador

Los museos son organizaciones que están concebidos para la dinamización social; con fines de debate y reflexión que involucren a la comunidad con su entorno patrimonio-territorio, el cual debe ser un derecho en que la colectividad pueda participar y conocer su herencia multicultural que cuenta con identidades múltiples cambiantes. (Spanish)

Museums are organizations that are designed for social dynamization; for the purpose of debate and reflection that involve the community with its patrimony-territory environment, which must be a right in which the community can participate and know its multicultural heritage that has multiple changing identities. (English)

# 23 Ecuador

El museo es una institución de tipo cultural que debe comprometerse con el desarrollo social, político, cultural-patrimonial, tecnológico, ecológico y económico de los pueblos y comunidades donde se asienta; a través de una eficiente gestión del acervo cultural material e inmaterial que está bajo su custodia. (Spanish)

The museum is a cultural institution that must be committed to the social, political, cultural-patrimonial, technological, ecological and economic development of the peoples and communities where it is based; through an efficient management of the material and immaterial cultural heritage that is under its custody. (English)

# 24 The Netherlands

Museums are institutions that collect, organise and display the immaterial and material traces of past and present to create and promote new visions for the future. Their professional authority enables them to listen to a plurality of voices, especially those often unheard, and provide a space of encounter and debate for everyone. (English)

# 25 Spain

Los museos son instituciones abiertas, responsables y publicas en las que la sociedad se reconoce a sí misma, su pasado, su presente y su futuro, a través de aquellos elementos que en ellos se conservan, se ponen en valor, se comunican y se estudian con el objetivo de ser una herramienta de mejora de la sociedad y del mundo. (Spanish)

Museums are open, responsible and public institutions in which society recognizes itself, its past, its present and its future, through those elements that are conserved, valued, communicated and studied in them with the aim of being a tool for improving society and the world.  (English)

# 26 France

Le musée est un espace de rencontre ouvert à tous, sans distinction socıale, politique, religieuse ou d’origine, ou s’élaborent des échanges dans un esprit d’expertise partagée afin de sauvegarder, valoriser et animer les patrimoines, expressions de la diversité culturelle de l’humanité dans une démarche de développement durable. (French)

The museum is a meeting place open to all people, without any social, political, religious or distinction of origin, where exchanges are elaborated in a spirit of shared expertise, in order to safeguard, enhance and animate the heritages, expressions of the cultural diversity of the humanity within a sustainability approach. (English)

# 27 Belgium, The Netherlands and Switzerland (a collective proposal)

Museums are spaces to engage with heritage – in all its expressions, forms and dimensions – within a contemporary context, connecting heritage as a source from the past with an orientation towards the future, in a sustainable perspective. (English)

# 28 Croatia, The Netherlands, Switzerland and Syria (a collective proposal)

A museum is a non-profit institution or organization in the service of society and its cultural, social, political, ethical and sustainable development which identifies, collects, researches, documents, preserves/safeguards exhibits and communicates different types (tangible, intangible, natural, digital) of heritage, acknowledging and respecting different worldviews, open to its public/stakeholders, for purposes of learning, empowering and enjoyment. (English)

# 29 United States

A museum is a “not-for-profit” entity that “administers, preserves, researches, and communicates” the diversity of cultural and natural heritage, including digital and living, with representation for ethical and educational causes of the community and the environment. (English)

# 30 Tunisie

Le musée est une institution permanente dotée d’un statut juridique de droit public ou privé, à but lucratif ou non, chargée de collecter, d’inventorier, d’étudier, de restaurer, de conserver, de consigner et d’exposer le patrimoine tangible et intangible des civilisations du passé, d’un territoire, d’un peuple ou d’une minorité ethnique dans l’objectif de transmission d’une mémoire collective et de partage des valeurs civilisationnelles et culturelles. Le musée est le garant et le gardien des biens patrimoniaux et doit user de toutes les techniques et les nouvelles technologies pour sauvegarder les biens de l’humanité, en constituant des réserves par l’achat, la collecte et les dons aussi bien des découvertes par les fouilles archéologiques. Dans leurs diverses formes architecturales, les musées doivent assurer l’apprentissage par toutes les techniques et les sciences de l’éducation et de la communication en garantissant le divertissement, les jeux et les loisirs à toutes les tranches d’âges des visiteurs. (French)

The museum is a permanent institution, with a legal status of public or private law, for profit or not, in charge of collecting, inventorying, studying, restoring, preserving, recording and exhibiting the tangible and intangible heritage, of the civilizations of the past, for a territory, a people or an ethnic minority, with the objective of transmitting a collective memory and sharing the civilizational and cultural values. The museum is the guarantor and custodian of the heritage properties and must use all of the techniques and new technologies, to safeguard the goods of the humanity, by constituting reserves by the purchase, the collection and the gifts as well as the discoveries by archaeological excavations. In their various architectural forms, museums must ensure learning by all techniques and sciences of education and communication, ensuring entertainment, games and recreation for all age groups of visitors. (English)

# 31 Greece

Το μουσείο είναι χώρος για τη μνήμη, την έρευνα, την μάθηση και την διάδραση με και για την κοινωνία. Ο ρόλος του μουσείου είναι να είναι μια ήπια δύναμη με απώτερο σκοπό την παρέμβαση έτσι ώστε η δημιουργικότητα, η παραγωγή και η βιώσιμη ανάπτυξη να είναι εφικτά (Greek)

A museum is a space for memory, research, learning and interaction with and about society. The role of a museum is to be a mild force with a higher purpose to intervene so creativity, production and Sustainable Development are achievable. (English)

# 32 Poland

Museum is a place where we are creating visual and contextual narratives about what makes as human. It is a safe repository of material fragments of past chosen as representative to transfer to the future the values important for the society in which the institution exists. (English)

Muzeum to miejsce w ktorym tworzymy wizualne i kontekstualne narracje opowiadajace o tym co czyni nas czlowiekiem. To bezpieczne miejsce dla materialnych fragmentow przeszlosci, ktore zostaly wybrane przez nas by reprezentowac wartosci, ktore spoleczenstwo tworzace instytucje muzeum chce zachowac dla przyszlosci. (Polish)

# 33 Colombia

El Museo es un Horizonte Cultural donde confluyen las formas de vida humana con la naturaleza y el universo. (Spanish)

The Museum is a Cultural Horizon where human life forms converge with nature and the universe. (English)

# 34 Brazil

O museu é uma instituição permanente sem fins lucrativos, ao serviço da sociedade e do seu desenvolvimento, aberta, em diálogo e com a participação de diferentes públicos considerando a sua diversidade, que adquire, conserva, investiga, comunica e expõe o patrimônio material e imaterial da humanidade e do seu meio envolvente com fins de educação, estudo, deleite e transformação social, para a emancipação dos povos. (Portuguese)

The Museum is a non-profit, permanent institution in the service of society and of your development, open dialogue and with the participation of different audiences considering your diversity, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits the tangible and intangible heritage of humanity and of your surroundings with the purposes of education, study, and treat social transformation, for the emancipation of the people. (English)

# 35 Brazil

Os museus são sem fins lucrativos que conservam, investigam, comunicam, interpretam e expõem, para fins de preservação, estudo, pesquisa, educação, contemplação e turismo, conjuntos e coleções de valor histórico, artístico, científico, técnico ou de qualquer outra natureza cultural, abertas ao público, a serviço da sociedade e da democracia, cultural e social, e de seu desenvolvimento. Instituições e os processos museológicos voltados para o trabalho com o patrimônio cultural e o território visando ao desenvolvimento cultural e socioeconômico e à participação das comunidades. Valorização da dignidade humana; a promoção da cidadania; o cumprimento da função social; a valorização e preservação do patrimônio cultural e ambiental; a universalidade do acesso, o respeito e a valorização à diversidade cultural; o intercâmbio institucional. (Portuguese)

Museums are non-profit organizations that conserve, investigate, communicate, interpret and display, for the purposes of preservation, study, research, education, contemplation and tourism, collections and collections of historical, artistic, scientific, technical or other cultural value, open to the public, at the service of society and of democracy, cultural and social, and its development. Institutions and museological processes geared to work with cultural heritage and territory for cultural and socioeconomic development and community participation. Valorization of human dignity; the promotion of citizenship; the fulfillment of the social function; the valuation and preservation of cultural and environmental heritage; the universality of access, respect and appreciation of cultural diversity; institutional exchange. (English)

# 36 Spain

Los museos son entes ─públicos o privados─ vivos, dinámicos y autónomos, sensibilizados con la sociedad y el medio ambiente, flexibles al cambio, con visión de futuro, comprometidos con el presente y recordando siempre el pasado. Su misión es recolectar, atesorar, conservar y exhibir piezas, especímenes y demás objetos de hoy y ayer, así como difundir ese patrimonio cultural y científico universal y/o local entre la población a través de actividades lúdico-educativas. Igualmente, la investigación y la divulgación de esos resultados deber ser fundamental en cualquier museo. Un museo no nace, se hace, y renace todas las veces que haga falta. (Spanish)

Museums ─public or private─ are alive, dynamic and autonomous entities, sensitive to society and the environment, flexible to change, forward-looking, committed to the present, and always recalling the past. Their mission is to collect, treasure, preserve and exhibit pieces, specimens and other today and yesterday´s objects. Additionally, it is essential for any museum to disseminate this universal and / or local cultural and scientific heritage among the population through recreational-educational activities. Research and dissemination of the resulting data should be of the utmost importance as well. A museum is made, not born, and it is reborn as many times as it takes. (English)

# 37 Portugal

O museu é uma instituição que, não só preserva o património, mas através das suas actividades e exposições suscita o debate público das mesmas, criando uma plataforma de diálogo critico sobre a sociedade e o seu futuro. (Portuguese)

The museum is an institution that not only preserves the heritage, but through its activities and exhibitions raises the public debate about them, creating a platform for critical dialogue about society and its future. (English)

# 38 Mexico

Ser un lugar simple y especial para el fortalecimiento de las tradiciones de la gente. (Spanish)

To be a simple and special place for the strengthening of the traditions of the people. (English)

# 39 New Zeeland

Museums are intellectual institutions that scaffold the development and furthering of understandings by engaging learners, educators and researchers of all kinds with and through the material evidence of human cultures and the natural world. (English)

# 40 Poland

Muzeum to instytucja prawna, która chroni życie materialne i intelektualne z przeszłości w celu istnienia w przyszłości. (Polish)

A museum is a legal institution that protects the material and intellectual life of the past in order to exist in the future. (English)

# 41 Uganda

Any permanent establishment set up for the purpose of preserving, studying, enhancing by various means and, in particular, of exhibiting to the public for its delectation and instruction such as as artistic, historical, scientific, technological and political collections. (English)

# 42 United States

* Museums are Public Civic Spaces that encourage strangers to peaceably congregate,

* And museums use systems to present three-dimensional evidence to allow visitors to create understanding and knowledge for themselves. (English)

# 43 Canada

[…] faire valoir l’innovation, le numérique et les technologies émergentes à travers ses activités et services publics. (French)

… promote innovation, digital and emerging technologies through its public services and activities. (English)

44 # Germany

Das Museum ist eine begehbare Bibliothek unseres kollektiven Gedächtnisses. (German)

The museum is a walk-in library of our collective memory. (English)

45 # Germany

Über das Anschauen von Objekten zu einer Anschauung über Zusammenhänge kommen. (German)

By looking at objects, you can come to a perception of contexts. (English)

46 # Germany

Das Museum als Ort, an dem man lernt, Fragen zu stellen, statt Antworten zu bekommen. (German)

The museum as a place to learn to ask questions instead of getting answers. (English)

#47 Austria

Museums are agents of social change. They are independent institutions that collect, conserve, transfer and communicate cultural heritage. Museums should to be open forums for all people in society and address topics of importance to their communities rooted in their collections and the stories they tell.

#48 Colombia

Definición de la Mesa Nacional de Museos: “El museo es una organización sin ánimo de lucro, expresada en un ambiente de aprendizaje, que interactúa con sus colecciones, su territorio y sus ciudadanos mediante experiencias que dinamizan la apropiación de la memoria, el patrimonio y el conocimiento para la transformación social.” (Spanish)

Definition by the Mesa Nacional de Museos reads: “A museum is a non-profit organization, expressed in a learning environment, which interacts with its collections, its territory and its citizens through experiences that stimulate the appropriation of memory, heritage and knowledge for social transformation.” (English)

#49 Germany

A museum is a non-profit, permanent, and bilingual institution in the service of society and its development, open to the public, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits the tangible and intangible heritage of humanity, its culture and environment for the purposes of researach, education, study and enjoyment. (English)

#50 Norway

A museum is a non-profit, permanent institution in the service of society and its development, open to the public, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits the tangible and intangible human and natural heritage for the purposes of education, study, enjoyment and social engagement. (English)

#51 Mexico

El museo es una institución abierta, sin fines de lucro, en diálogo con su contexto, de, para y con la sociedad inmediata y distante. Adquiere, investiga, conserva y expone patrimonio material e inmaterial de la humanidad y su medio ambiente, a la vez que genera, promueve e intercambia contenido y experiencias referentes a éste, por medio de plataformas físicas y/o virtuales con fines de mediación, construcción de conocimiento, y recreo. (Spanish)

A museum is a non profit open institution, in dialogue with it’s context; which works from, for, and with the immediate, and distant society. Acquires, conserves, researches, exhibits, generates, and promotes the tangible and intangible heritage of humanity and it’s environment at the time that generates, promotes, and exchanges related content and experiences, by a physical and/or virtual platform with purposes of mediation, knowledge construction, and recreation. (English)

#52 China

博物馆是通过物的搜集,研究,教学以理解人和世界发展的社会机构. (Chinese)

The museum is a social institution that collects, studies, and teaches through the real object for understanding the development of people and world. (English)

#53 United States

Museums are a cornerstone of humankind that preserves, protects, presents, and promotes access to the cultural heritage information of humanity, that the cultural heritage information of humanity may be passed on in perpetuity in both record and spirit so that all humans may individually and collectively construct their identities now and throughout time. (English)

#54 France

A museum is a non-profit, permanent institution in the service of society and communities, open to the publics, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits the tangible and intangible heritage of humanity and its environment for the purposes of education, study and enjoyment, with respect for the different knowledges and ways to think reality. (English)

#55 China

博物馆是一种社会现象。它源于人们对世界的感知和文化揭示,表现为博物馆状态、博物馆现象和博物馆三种形式。(Chinese)

Museums are a social phenomenon. It originates from people’s perception of the world and cultural revelation, and manifests itself in three forms: museum state, museum phenomenon and museum. (English)

#56 Portugal

A museum is a non for profit, permanent institution in the service of society and its development, open to the public, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits the tangible and intangible human and natural heritage for the purposes of education, study, enjoyment and social engagement. (English)

#57 Yemen

المتاحف عنصر حيوي هام لخلق حوار ثقافي بين الامم و تشكّل تاريخها (Arabic)

Museums are a vital element for creating a cultural dialogue between nations and their history. (English – Google translate)

#58 India

A museum is an institution which provides a platform for dialogue with heritage in all its expression. It is a centre of non formal learning which ideally should be accessible to all its stakeholders. As a space, physical or virtual, a museum stimulates one intellectually , aesthetically , scientifically and provides an avenue to challenge pre-existing narratives. A museum symbolises an intriguing fusion of intellect and emotions. (English)

#59 Spain

Los museos son el espacio humano común donde se manifiesta nuestro patrimonio presente, intangible, de naturaleza inmaterial. Los artefactos materiales pasados, expuestos o conservados, son el motor para el futuro que, desde el presente, volverán a inundar a las sociedades venideras con el brillo de la memoria de su patrimonio: otra vez inmaterial… apenas un suspiro humano. (Spanish)

Museum are the common human space Where heritage is manifiested, intangibe, of an inmaterial nature. The past artifacts, exposed or conserved, are the engine that, for our present , will flood the future societies with the brilliance of memory of memory ando their heritage, ágil immaterial: the sligth human sigh of life. (English)

#60 Mexico

The museum is an active (physical or digital) space that articulates society through the care and dissemination of objects of historical importance. (English)

#61 United States

a public trust for exhibitions (English)

#62 United Kingdom

Museums are a social construct which provide the users with an engaging desirable, enjoyable, lasting and stimulating collaborative reference point to the past and present generations as well as providing a set of characteristics and opportunities for conserving humanity’s knowledge and accomplishments. (English)

#63 Slovakia

Museum is no longer just a place of collecting “old stuffs”. It is a place where all our senses can work together, where we could revive the past of our nations, feel the atmosphere and social customs of that time, touch their unique arts, taste the intangible traditions, see its flowering and decay and listen to its spiritual heritage. Museum is our modern school that teaches, educates and encourages us. Simply became a part of our everyday life. (English)

#64 Finland

Museo on palvelu, joka auttaa asiakkaitaan täyttämään heidän tarpeensa ja velvollisuutensa historian ja kulttuurin tallentamisessa, tutkimisessa ja esittämisessä sekä auttaa asiakkaitaan taloudellisen henkisen hyvinvoinnin tuottamisessa. (Finnish)

A museum is a service organisation that helps its clients to fulfil their needs and responsibilities in enjoying, preserving, studying, teaching, and exhibiting heritage and culture, as well as generating economic and social wealth through its products and services. (English)

#65 Argentina

Un museo es un espacio tiempo para el asombro, la curiosidad, comunicación y aprendizajes a traves de múltiples y diversas experiencias creadas y reproducidas a partir de objetos/materialidades y relatos puestos en tensión y atención con fines de conservación, educación y transformación social hacia una decolonialidad de saberes y conocimientos que ponderen la diversidad cultural y epistémica. (Spanish)

A museum is a time space for wonder, curiosity, communication and learning through multiple and diverse experiences created and reproduced from objects / materialities and stories put into tension and attention for conservation, education and social transformation towards a decoloniality of knowledge and knowledge that ponder cultural and epistemic diversity. (English)

#66 Spain

Los museos son esos espacios democratizadores, inclusivos y accesibles que albergan para proteger, investigar y difundir la cultura de la humanidad, teniendo por objetivo a la sociedad. (Spanish)

Museums are those democratizing, inclusive and accessible spaces that are housed to protect, investigate and disseminate the culture of humanity, targeting society. (English)

#67 Croatia

The museum is (ideally) a self-sustaining institution in the service of society and its development, open to the public, which acquires, conserves, digitizes, researches, communicates and exhibits the tangible and intangible heritage of humanity and its environment for the purposes of education, study and enjoyment. Its mission is to present heritage objectively, to be environmentally friendly and to try to be as exemplary in any way as possible. (English)

#68 Greece

A museum is a non-profit, permanent institution in the service of society and its cultural, social and sustainable development, open and reaching out to the public, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits the tangible and intangible heritage of humanity and its environment, for the purposes of disseminating knowledge, promoting science and creativity, strengthening social cohesion and enhancing well-being. (English)

#69 United Kingdom

A museum is a word about which people with little experience of the real world navel gaze. (English)

#70 Italy

Il luogo in cui in cui le persone si possono riconcigliare con la loro identità collettiva e/o scoprirne altre. (Italian)

The place in which people can reconnect with their colletive identity and/or get in touch with foreign ones. (English)

#71 Mexico

The museum is an active (physical or digital) space that articulates society through the care and dissemination of objects of historical importance. (English)

#72 Mexico

Es una plataforma de exhibición tanto física como virtual que dentro de sus funciones se aboca a la conservación, investigación y comunicación. Funge como punto de partida para impulsar el desarrollo social, promueve valores, reconocimiento y apropiación del patrimonio cultural y natural de una época histórica que fomenta un sentido de pertenencia comunitaria. (Spanish)

The museum is both a physical and virtual exhibition platform whose functions include conservation, research and communication. It entails the starting point for social development as it promotes values, ownership of natural and cultural heritage from a specific historical epoch and social belonging. (English)

#73 Colombia

El museo del siglo XXI debe de contener la autenticidad cultural de las sociedad que van más allá de lo material; es una red que re-conecta lo temporal y permanente a la sensibilidad común. (Spanish)

The 21st century museum must contain the cultural authenticity of societies that go beyond the material; it is a network that reconnects the temporary and permanent to the common sensibility. (English)

#74 Burkina Faso

Le musée est une institution sociale où se rencontrent les membres de communautés diverses pour exprimer leur culture à des fins d’éducation, de re-création et d’épanouissement. (French)

Museum is a social institution where communities meet to express their culture for educational, re-creation and fulfilment purposes. (English)

#75 Spain

El museo es un medio de comunicación y un singular contenedor de los bienes culturales representativos de la sociedad que constituyen la herencia cultural en un ámbito determinado, abierto, dinámico y en constante enriquecimiento, dedicado a la investigación, la educación, la promoción y la más amplia diffusion. (Spanish)

A museum is a true means of communication and a singular receptacle of cultural assets which represent a society and which constitute the cultural heritage of the same in a determined sphere, open, dynamic and in constant enrichment, dedicated to investigation, to education, to promotion of and the most wide diffusion. (English)

#76 Venezuela

Espacio para el encuentro de personas interesadas en confrontar su experiencia de vida, con el reto de la humanidad. (Spanish)

Space for the meeting of people interested in confronting their life experience, with the challenge of humanity.  (English)

#77 Ecuador      

El museo es un portal atemporal donde los gestores preservan y exhiben patrimonios materiales e inmateriales que dan testimonios de vida, y que plantean preguntas sobre el presente y el mañana. Es un generador de vivencias que comunican valores universales, por lo tanto, se desvincula de ideologías extremas, subjetividades cerradas o autoritarismos locales. Se nutre circularmente de fondos públicos y privados con transparencia para ofrecer accesibilidad a todos los públicos y retroalimentarse implementando en sus discursos las voces de las identidades más diversas. (Spanish)

A museum is a timeless portal where the managers preserve and exhibit tangible and intangible assets that give testimonies of life, and that pose questions about the present and the future. It is a generator of experiences that communicate universal values, therefore, it dissociates itself from extreme ideologies, closed subjectivities or local authoritarianisms. It is nourished circularly by public and private funds with transparency in order to offer accessibility to all publics and to receive feedback by implementing the voices of the most diverse identities in their speeches. (English)

#78 Colombia   

“Los museos, su origen, misión y visión siempre serán el de conservar, preservar y contribuir a la protección y educación en cuanto al patrimonio, aservo cultural y artístico que los seres humanos han dejado como legado al mundo durante los cambios de la sociedad. Su contenido pluricultural, multicultural y sobre todo como espacio de reunión para dar paso al conocimiento de los comportamientos y descubrimientos evolutivos,científicos, teoricos, y artísticos, debe llegar a todo tipo de personas, indiferente de sus condiciones geopolíticas, económicas, sociales, educativas o de formación y capacidades diferentes. Debe tener una museología y museografía que permita el reconocimiento de la vida en comunidad pero sobre todo, dar fé de la intención de unión y fraternidad sin importar las brechas sociales. Es por eso, que de la mano de las personas idóneas en el cargo correcto dentro de los museos, se debe permitir el acceso y uso de la información pertinente para llegar a todo tipo de población en cualquier lugar del planeta. Un museo que no cuente, muestre o enseñe desde la vida, no sirve para la misma.” (Spanish)

“Museums, their origin, mission and vision will always be to conserve, preserve and contribute to the protection and education regarding heritage, cultural and artistic aservo that human beings have left as a legacy to the world during the changes of society. Its pluricultural, multicultural content and above all as meeting space to make way for the knowledge of evolutionary, scientific, theoretical, and artistic behaviors and discoveries, must reach all kinds of people, indifferent to their geopolitical, economic, social, educational conditions or of different training and abilities. Must have a museology and museography that allows the recognition of life in community but above all, give faith of the intention of union and fraternity regardless of social gaps. That is why, in the hands of the right people in the right position within museums, access and use of relevant information must be allowed to reach all types of people anywhere in the world. A museum that does not count, show or teach from life, does not serve for the same.” (English)

#79 Brazil         

O museu deve estar na ordem do dia, quanto ação, processo, rede, instituição e gestão dos bens patrimoniais e salvaguarda das memórias, agregando a coletividade humana para compartilhar saberes, tecnologias e afetos, visando o bem estar planetário e a dignidade humana. (Portuguese)

The museum must be the order of the day, action, process, network, institution and management of patrimony and safeguard of memories, adding the human collective to share knowledge, technologies and affections, aiming at the planetary well-being and human dignity. (English, Google translate)

#80 Norway      

“Museums are fundamentally public spaces for lifelong informal learning that value that mission over commercial goals such as profit. Within museums, people from different parts of society, with diverse kinds of experience and expertise, join in the collaborative preservation and exploration of evidence of a shared natural and cultural heritage and the creative imagining of a more peaceful, equal and sustainable future. Together, museums and their many stakeholders form local and global networks that can provide scaffolding for positive social and political change.” (English)

#81 Norway   

Ett museum er en institusjon som stiller ut kulturelle gjenstander, og som er åpen til offentligheten. (Norwegian)

A museum is an institution that displays cultural artefacts, and is open to the public. (English)

#82 Peru

Un museo es el espacio de encuentro ciudadano que permite conocernos y reconocernos como parte de una comunidad local y global. Nos acerca a la historia, costumbres, tradiciones, espacios geográficos y tecnologías de una cultura, a través de distintas estrategias que lo hacen atractivo. Sin embargo, hoy los museos también son espacios de apropiación científica, espacios más interactivos que permiten experimentar y comprender distintos procesos y fenómenos que también nos acercan a lo que somos y proyectarnos hacia lo que queremos ser. Lo interactivo está cobrando un valor importante para el aprendizaje y la reflexión activa. (Castellano)

A museum is a space for citizen encounters that allows us to know and recognize ourselves as part of a local and global community. It brings us closer to the history, customs, traditions, geographical spaces and technologies of a culture, through different strategies that make it attractive. However, today museums are also spaces of scientific appropriation, more interactive spaces that allow us to experiment and understand different processes and phenomena that also bring us closer to what we are and project ourselves towards what we want to be. The interactive is gaining an important value for learning and active reflection. (English, Google translate)

#83 United States

A museum is a public service preservation organization that uses objects to explain subjects. When original to a museum’s subject, the objects act as evidence of or proof for topics explored and presented by the three kinds of museums in existence: art, science and history. (English)

#84 Brazil

O museu é um processo ou um conjunto de processos através dos quais uma instituição aberta ao público, virtual ou física, permanente ou não, com ou sem fins lucrativos, cuida da transmissão do conhecimento sobre as culturas humanas através dos tempos, de forma a preservar sua memória para a posteridade, garantindo o direito à herança cultural de todos os povos, culturas e subculturas, inclusive as culturas urbanas. O museu deve servir à sociedade e proporcionar seu desenvolvimento, sendo que o termo “desenvolvimento” deve ser usado respeitando o tempo natural de mudança de todas as culturas, a partir da ideia de que todas as culturas possuem importância que devem ser igualmente consideradas. Em seu trabalho, o museu adquire, conserva, investiga, comunica e expõe o patrimônio material e imaterial da humanidade e do seu meio, com fins de educação, estudo, deleite e de manutenção do conhecimento para a posteridade. (Portuguese)

The museum is a process or a set of processes through which an institution open to the public, virtual or physical, permanent or not, whether or not for profit, takes care of transmitting the knowledge about human cultures through the ages, in order to preserve its memory for posterity, guaranteeing the right to the cultural heritage of all peoples, cultures and subcultures, including urban cultures. The museum should serve society and provide its development, and the term “development” should be used respecting the natural time of change of all cultures, from the idea that all cultures have importance that should also be considered. In his work, the museum acquires, preserves, investigates, communicates and exposes the material and immaterial patrimony of mankind and its environment, for purposes of education, study, delight and maintenance of knowledge for posterity. (English, Google translate)

#85 France

Un musée est une collection d’objets conservés ou présentés à tous artistiques, archéologiques, ethnographiques ou naturels, faisant sens dans la société correspondante et donnés au public pour l’étude ou la délectation. (French)

A museum is a collection of artefacts that are conserved or presented everyone. They can be artistics, archeologicals, ethnographicals, or naturals. They make sense in their society. They are gived to the public for study or delectation. (English)

#86 Italy

Il museo è un’istituzione permanente, senza scopo di lucro, al servizio della società, e del suo sviluppo, aperta al pubblico, accessibile e inclusiva, che effettua ricerche sulle testimonianze materiali ed immateriali dell’uomo e del suo ambiente, le acquisisce, le conserva, e le comunica e specificatamente le espone ai fini di studio, educazione, diletto e partecipazione, attraverso forme di progettazione condivisa delle attività e superare quelle barriere che ancora ostruiscono la piena partecipazione dei cittadini alla cultura. (Italian)

The museum is a permanent, non-profit institution at the service of society and its development, open to the public, accessible and inclusive, which carries out research on the material and immaterial testimonies of man and his environment, acquires, preserves, and communicates them and specifically exposes them for the purposes of study, education, enjoyment and participation, through forms of shared planning of activities and overcome those barriers that still obstruct the full participation of citizens in culture. (English)

#87 Spain

Un Museu és tot aquell l’espai humà on la societat decideix lliurar els objectes o elements vincualts o no a ella mateixa. Amb les atribucions propies de guardar i conservar; estudiar, documentar i difondre; contextualitzar i vincular amb el seu entron i voltant. Amb una especial atenció als estrats de la societats més desafaborits. (Catalan)

A museum is all that the human space where society decides to deliver the objects or elements linked or not to herself. With the proper attributions of saving and preserving; study, document and disseminate; contextualize and link with your enton and around. With special attention to the strata of the most disadvantaged societies. (English)

#88 Australia

Museums are unique physical and conceptual sites, including online, that collect, preserve, document, research, and communicate tangible and intangible cultural heritage, history, science, and art in a myriad of ways. More than this they are important sites of knowledge production and play a role in how collectives of people identify and re/affirm cultural norms and at the same time are well placed to challenge them for a more diverse future. (English)

#89 Bolivia

Un museo es una institución sin fines de lucro, administrada por profesionales que investigan, adquieren, conservan, protegen y exhiben material de importancia patrimonial para la humanidad, con la finalidad de que los visitantes accedan a esa información, –en forma de objetos, textos, videos, audios y otros medios–, y que de esta manera se conecten y comprendan el valor del patrimonio material o inmaterial, convirtiéndolos en cómplices activos de su protección y difusión. (Spanish)

A museum is a non-profit institution, managed by professionals who research, acquire, conserve, protect and exhibit material of heritage importance for humanity, with the purpose of allowing visitors to access this information, (in the form of objects, texts , videos, audios and other media), and by this mean, to connect and understand the value of tangible or intangible heritage, turning them into active accomplices of its protection and dissemination. (English)

#90 Argentina

Si los museos del pasado fueron creados para conservar, preservar y exhibir colecciones, los museos hoy se definen por lo que hacen para que sus colecciones sean accesibles a la comunidad. (Spanish)

If museums of the past were created to preserve, preserve and exhibit collections, museums today are defined by what they do to make their collections accessible to the community. (English)

#91 United States

A museum is a place where we exhibit our shared experiences of humanity and our environment. (English)

#92 Albania

Nje muze eshte nje hapesire multidimensionale, e krijuar prej njeriut ne sherbim te shoqerise. Ai permban, pasqyron, analizon gjithe permbajtesine njerezore-natyrore te kohes qe ka egzistuar, dhe qe sjell ate ne te tashmen duke e transmetuar drejt se ardhmes.  (Albanian / Shqip)

A museum is a multidimensional space created by the humans in the service of society. It contains, reflects, analyzes all the human-natural content of the time that has existed, and brings it to the present by transmitting it towards the future. (English)

#93 United Kingdom

A museum exists to create spaces for the service of the public, using its resources, collections and programming to engage a diverse audience in a dialogue about ideas. The museum’s purpose, as a trusted authority, is to convey knowledge, both tangible and intangible, about the world around us. They do this through shared authority and collaboration while welcoming debate. They continually adapt practices and approaches in order to remain relevant to the needs of present communities and ensure sustainability for the future. The museum acts as a platform to give voice to those who contribute to this dialogue, with a commitment towards social and community development. It is a meaningful meeting place, a place for social gatherings and a place for entertainment. (English)

#94 Italy

Il museo è dove il cambiamento si avvia: lì le comunità possono riunirsi, discutere e pianificare azioni per la società in cui vivono. I musei sono lugo fertie per la crescita di nuove idea e lo sviluppo di menti creative. In questo senso, il patrimonio, conservato all’interno delle istituzioni museali sparse in tutto il mondo, può diventare un dinamico strumento attraverso cui le persone possono far valere la propria opinione sugli argomenti e i problemi della società contemporanea.  (Italian)

A museum is where change takes place: in there, communities can gather, discuss and plan actions for the society in which they live. Museums are fertile places for the growth of new ideas and the development of creative minds. In this term, heritage, preserved inside museum institutions all around the world, can become a dynamic tool through which people can make their voices heard on the current topics and problems of contemporary society. (English)

#95 Trinidad and Tobago

Museums are spaces which preserves yesterday’s stories for today’s history.

A space were cultures and heritage of generations are treasured, protected, respected, diseminated and were old lives from ancient times touches the new. (English)

#96 Brazil

Um museu é uma instituição com direito a sustentabilidade econômico e financeira, a serviço da difusão educacional e cultural, mediante a preservação da memória material ou imaterial de interesse humano local ou global. (Portuguese)

A museum is an institution with the right to economic and financial sustainability, at the service of educational and cultural diffusion, through the preservation of material or immaterial memory of local or global human interest. (English)

#97 Germany

Das Museum ist eine Stelle, die das materielle und immaterielle Kulturerbe der Menschheit bewahrt und weltweit zur friedlichen Nutzung zur Verfügung stellt und eine Wissensvermittlung mit Freude ermöglicht. (German)

The museum is the place care the materiell and immateriell cultural heritage of the mankind and present it for peaceful use worldwide and give knowledge with happieness. (English)

#98 Iran

موزه ها به مثابهٔ خانه های فرهنگی فراگیری برای بودن-در گفتگو‌ با همه مردم هستند که با هدف آموزش، الهام بخشی و صلح، میراث های بشری را بر پایهٔ اخلاقیات، نگهداری و تحقیق می کنند، تفسیر و نمایش می دهند. (Persian)

Museums are as inclusive cultural houses of being-in conversation to all people, which preserve, investigate, interpret and display heritages of humanity based on ethics for the purposes of education, inspiration and peace. (English)

#99 France

Un musée est un endroit ou nous pouvons voir une large type d’arts. Un musée propose en un endroit une multitudes de trésor qui en font notre patrimoine. A travers ces arts on ressent souvent une émotion, c”est aussi le moyen de s’exprimer. (Français)

A museum is a place where we can see a wide variety of arts. A museum offers in one place a multitude of treasure that make our heritage. Through these arts we often feel an emotion, it is also the way to express oneself (English, Google translate)

#100 Spain

Institución que vincula a la humanidad con su pasado y presente y con su entorno mediante elementos patrimoniales, naturales e inmateriales. A través de ellos explica e interpreta los vínculos del ser humano con su realidad pasada, presente y también con la realidad imaginada, y son por lo tanto instituciones esenciales para un presente y futuro óptimos de las personas y el planeta.  (Spanish)

Institution that links humanity with its past and present and with its environment through patrimonial, natural and intangible elements. Through them, he explains and interprets the links of the human being with his past, present and also with the imagined reality, and are therefore essential institutions for an optimal present and future of the people and the planet. (English)

#101 Ukraine

The museum is a non-profit cultural center for recreation, entertainment, education, upbringing, and personality development. The museum is a public source of gaining and deepening knowledge about the tangible and intangible heritage of humanity, which it acquires, conserves, researches and promotes through various forms and methods of communication. (English)

Музей – це некомерційний культурний осередок для відпочинку, розваг, навчання, виховання, розвитку особистості. Музей – суспільне джерело набуття та поглиблення знань про матеріальну і нематеріальну спадщину людства, яку він набуває, зберігає, досліджує та популяризує за допомогою різноманітних форм і методів комунікації. (Ukraininan)

#102 Spain

Un museo es una institución cultural encargada de conservar, gestionar y difundir el valor patrimonial que alberga adaptándose a las necesidades de la sociedad con la finalidad de atraer a un mayor público. (Spanish)

A museum is a cultural institution that is responsible for preserving, managing and disseminating the heritage value it houses adapting to the needs of society in order to attract a larger public. (English)

#103 Belgium   

Le musée est un espace interculturel ouvert au public, un lieu de rencontres et d’échanges multiculturels, dont la jouissance permet de découvrir les différents courants artistiques et de parcourir les événements de l’histoire. Son objectif est un travail d’étude visant à transmettre, par l’acquisition d’oeuvres et leur exposition éthique et en toute transparence, le patrimoine matériel et immatériel d’une société en perpétuelle mutation, sur des thèmes inspirés du quotidien et de son environnement. Il préserve ainsi la mémoire collective de chacun. (French)

The museum is an intercultural open space, a place for multicultural contacts and interactions, whose enjoyment makes it possible to discover the different artistic trends and to explore the historical events. Its objective is a study work aimed at transmitting, through the acquisition of works and their ethical exhibition and in all transparency, the tangible and intangible heritage of a society in perpetual change, on themes inspired by everyday life and its environment. In this way, it preserves the collective memory of each individual. (English)

#104 Canada     

A museum is an instrument through which tangible and intangible cultural heritage and knowledge is preserved and shared on large and small scales, in an effort to benefit and serve local and global communities. They should support research and provide a link between our past, present and future, while striving to do so ethically, sustainably and without bias. (English)

#105 United Kingdom

A museum is a public, collective process by which people are enabled, through the understanding of their relationship to the tangible and intangible heritage of humanity and its environment, to contribute to the long-term well-being of communities and sustainability of environments, globally and locally. (English)

#106 France

Le musée peut-être une institution publique, privée, associative. Son but est d’étudier, d’exposer, d’appréhender et d’analyser les faits humains à travers le patrimoine matériel et immatériel sociétal. Il peut être spécialisé dans une thématique, une période, ses visées sont multiples et destinées à tout public. Ainsi, il peut conserver, exposer, créer, étudier, et faire voir avec pédagogie, en évitant de se montrer catégorique sur les données qu’il transmet, par devoir d’objectivité relative à son statut institutionnel. Le musée est une structure pouvant accueillir objets, expositions, projets de recherche et de développement. (French)

The museum can be a public, private, associative institution. Its aim is to study, expose, apprehend and analyse human facts through the tangible and intangible societal heritage. It can be specialized in a theme, a period, its aims are multiple and intended for all audiences. In this way, it can preserve, exhibit, create, study, and show with pedagogy, avoiding being categorical about the data it transmits, by duty of objectivity relating to its institutional status. The museum is a structure that can accommodate objects, exhibitions, research and development projects. (English)

#107 Romania

Legea nr. 311 din 08/07/2003 citește : “Muzeul este o instituţia de cultură, de drept public sau de drept privat, fără scop lucrativ, aflată în serviciul societăţii, care colecţionează, conservă, cercetează, restaurează, comunică şi expune, în scopul cunoaşterii, educării şi recreerii, mărturii materiale şi spirituale ale existenţei şi evoluţiei comunităţilor umane, precum şi ale mediului înconjurător.” (Romanian)

Law no. 311 of 08/07/2003 reads: “The Museum is a cultural institution, public or private law, non-profit-making institution in the service of society, which collects, preserves, researches, restores, communicates and exhibits, material and spiritual testimonies of existence for the purpose of knowledge, education and recreation and the evolution of human communities as well as the environment.” (English)

#108 Brazil

Museus são arenas sensoriais engajadas no fornecimento de recursos de todo tipo, a fim de tornar o conhecimento da vida – humana e não-humana – mais amplo, confiável, gratificante e capaz de estimular a ação socialmente responsável. (Portuguese)

Museums are sensorial arenas engaged in providing sensorial resources of all kinds in order to make our knowledge of life – human and non-human – more extensive, reliable, gratifying and able to nurture responsible social action. (English)

#109 Greece

Το εργοστάσιο των ονείρων μας. [GR]

The factory of our dreams. [EN]

L’usine des nos rêves. [FR]

#110 Sweden

A museum is an institution that creates context for knowledge and artifacts through telling stories of artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific importance. (English)

#111 Romania  

A museum is a formal institution which has the role to show through the objects the aspects of the past and in the same time it is a place where people, regardless of their culture, discover the evolution and development of people. Also, museum as a formal institution has the main role to perserve the cultural heritage and to analyse it. In a nutshell, museum is a liaison between the past, present and future. (English)

#112 Taiwan

A museum is a smart learning centre where collections and objects truly fit into people’s lives, rather than one of being a repository of collections for passive viewing by visitors. (English)

#113 Portugal

Um museu é uma instituição sem fins lucrativos, permanente e ao serviço da sociedade e do seu desenvolvimento sustentável, aberta ao público e que adquire, conserva, investiga, comunica e expõe o património material e imaterial da humanidade e seu meio ambiente com a finalidade educativa, de investigação, de fruição do seu acervo e das trocas com outros instituições, tendo a possibilidade de criar e desenvolver atividades complementares com vista a garantir uma parte financeira, fundamental à sua missão institucional e podendo receber um “rendimento mínimo museológico” e sistemático do Estado com vista a assegurar, anualmente, a prestação de serviço público no seu domínio de intervenção patrimonial e criativa. (Portuguese)

A museum is a non-profit, permanent institution at the service of society and its sustainable development, open to the public and which acquires, preserves, investigates, communicates and exposes the material and immaterial heritage of mankind and its environment for the purpose education, research, the enjoyment of its collection and exchanges with other institutions, with the possibility of creating and developing complementary activities with a view to guaranteeing a financial part, fundamental to its institutional mission and capable of receiving a systematic “minimum museological income” of the State in order to ensure annually the provision of public service in its patrimonial and creative sphere of intervention. (English)

#114 El Salvador

Un museo es cultura viva, patrimonio visibilizado y la identidad que emerge constantemente de un pueblo, es educación, preservación y difusión de las diferentes manifestaciones generadas a travez de la historia. Puede contar con un espacio, físico, virtual o reunir diferentes iniciativas. (Spanish)

A museum is living culture, visibilized heritage and the identity that constantly emerges from a people, is education, preservation and diffusion of the different manifestations generated through history. You can have a space, physical, virtual or gather different initiatives. (English)

#115 Ukraine

Музей є неприбутковою інституцією організованого інтелектуального дозвілля, простором зустрічі часів та трансформації духу через дотик вічних цінностей, зафіксованих в матеріальній та нематеріальній спадщині людства. (Ukraine)

Museum is a non-profitable institution of organized intelectual leisure, a space of the meeting of times and the transformation of spirit through the touch of eternal values embodied in the  tangible and intangible humanity heritage. (English)

#116 Iran

موزه ها فضاهایی امن در خدمت انسانها برای کمک به آنها در ساخت آینده ای بهتر هستند.

(Persian)

Museums are the safe spaces in the service of humans to help them in making a better future. (English)

#117 Russia

Museum is a social institution of actualization and interpretation of tangible and intangible heritage of humanity and its environment via its collecting, preserving, documenting, exploring and exhibiting for translating the values shared by communities, groups and individuals according to Global trends in the World and Nature.